Skyler Rosenbloom's Authority of Halacha Project (Talmud, Berachot 5a,…
Skyler Rosenbloom's Authority of Halacha Project
Talmud, Berachot 5a
God didn't just give the Jewish people the ten commandments on Sinai. In fact, he gave us all of Halacha, including the entire תנ׳׳ך and Talmud.
This text does not specifically talk about the role of humans in determining Halacha. It does, however, tell us that any oral tradition that the Rabbis develop is valid because it is a direct extension of the oral tradition which God gave to us on Mount Sinai.
This picture depicts a Torah within a clock. I chose this picture because it represents how the words of Torah are timeless, and how on Mount Sinai, God didn't just give us the 10 commandments, but all of the oral tradition that continues to develop throughout time.
Seder Eliahu Zuta 2
A king who has two servant to which he gives each wheat and flax. One makes bread and cloth, while the other makes nothing. The story represents how God gave us the Torah as a sort of base, and it's our responsibility to either take and expand on it or leave it as it is.
The role of God as this text describes is that God gave the Jewish people the tools for which to develop Halacha and oral tradition, but did not give us anymore. It implies that is is the job of the people to decide weather to take or leave what God has given us and further expound on it.
This is a picture of a Dad teaching his son how to ride a bike. The dad gets his son going on the bike, however, it is up to the son whether he can balance well and not fall once he is on his own. Similarly, God is our sort of guide which gave us the "push" or the Torah, and it is up to us whether we continue on with and expand upon it, or if we let it be.
The text describes how at first, the Jews were coerced into following the laws of Torah, but gradually over time, they started to accept them without needing to be forced.
This is picture of someone being pushed into a pool. The metaphor here is that similar to how this girl pushes the guy in the pool, the Jewish people were in a way pushed into or imposed to follow the laws of Torah. However once the person is in the pool will continue to have fun, just like the Jews eventually accepted the laws themselves and enjoyed creating oral tradition.
The role of God as describes in this text is to initially force the Jewish people into following the Laws of Torah. The role of humans is that once the Jews are initially coerced, they will eventually start to regard the words of Torah on their own terms. This would eventually allow the development of oral tradition to come naturally from the Jewish people.
Bava Metzia 59b
The overarching point of this text is that God gave the Jewish people the Torah to use as a reference to expand upon, however only the Torah should be regarded in Halacha and nothing else. It also makes the point that anyone who is in the minority on a certain Halachic issue should conform to the majority rather than push forward their opinion.
God's role as described in this text is that the Torah was given to the Jewish people as a benchmark for Halacha. It emphasizes that we must further develop Halacha, strictly referencing only the Torah and nothing else, not even a heavenly voice. The people's role is to use the Torah and make arguments and opinions on it that will be debated
This picture depicts a driver's test. Similar to how an instructor would give the student a path to follow, God gave us the Torah. However, once the student passes their drivers test, they can drive wherever they want within the laws of the road, just like the Jewish people can develop oral Torah, but only under the guidance of the written Torah.
This text describes that when two Halachot are conflicting, each argument is holds value and should not immediately be disregarded. Additionally, God will choose whichever argument is correct based on if it is pleasing and humble.
God's role is to determine which argument is the correct one. The people role is to present their argument in a humble and pleasing manner, as well has to hold respect for the opposing argument.
This image depicts a court hearing. The analogy is that God is the Judge deciding on an conflict based, and the opposing parties are trying to argue their side in the best way they can