Cognitive Processes and Problem Solving (Cognitive Biases (Bandwagon Bias,…
Cognitive Processes and Problem Solving
Claim of Policy
Suggests a course of action through recommendation.
Claim of Fact
Something that can be proven but does not have to be shown
Claim of Value
Something that cannot be proved whether it is true or false. It is an opinion that one has chosen that matches their own criteria.
Following a large group of opinions and going with the majority view
When someone prefers to continue with the way they have always done even when there are reasons and evidence to change.
Appeal to Improper authority Bias
Insisting that a claim is true just because an authority or expert said it is true even without any other supporting reasons and evidence
When one seeks out information that seeks out their pre-existing beliefs and ignores information that disagrees with their beliefs.
Being committed to one’s claim because an authority said so, even without reasons and evidence
When one has a fixed and oversimplified view of a group of individuals. These views may not accurately reflect reality.