UNIT 3 APUSH (Chapter 9-11) (Chapter 10 (Washington becomes president and…
UNIT 3 APUSH (Chapter 9-11)
Articles of Confederation
WEAK GOVT. + LACK OF CONTROL
THIS SCARES PEOPLE AS IT PROVES THAT THE GOV’T IS WEAK (no militia to stop the rebels but instead privately funded militia)
Annapolis Convention (1788):
men rewrote articles and created a stronger central gov’t. This includes the great compromise
Rodger Sherman’s Great Compromise
based on Pop. Size
Since there could be rep. based on population. The south created the
, which allowed slaves to count as 3/5 of a person. Boosting the reps. In the south.
New Jersey Plan
Upper house (senate) 2 per state
Lower house (House of reps) based on population.
Oraganized a rebellion in MA. w/ Farmers Demanding lower taxes, pay, paper money, end foreclosures, etc.
Foreign Policy Problems
UK left forts
Spain blocked trade (MI River)
France demands repayments
Barbary pirates harass ships
Land Ordinances (northwest - 1784)
prioritized public edu.
banned slavery north of Ohio river
After independence, the states had to develop their own
was released in 1789. And population was growing
Bill of Rights
amendments posed by either 2/3 of states or both houses of congress. By James Madison, he also created Judiciary Act (1789) which organized the supreme court.
The first chief of justice was John Jay.
becomes president and established a cabinet...
Secretary of state: Thomas Jefferson
Secretary of treasury: Alexander Hamilton
Secretary of war: Henry Knox
Establishes the United States bank
Excise tax of goods especially whiskey
Funding at par which pays debts at face value w/ interest
Assumption of State debts
Tariffs to encourage local market + pay debt
Favored elites so they'd fund the gov't
: Penn. farmers rebelled against excise tax on whiskey (1794) reminding many of the stamp-act days
Bank of America
fought over between Hamilton and
creating political divide. Hamilton won, establishing it in 1791.
DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS EMERGE W/ JEFFERSONIAN IDEAS
Jeffersonians supported the french
America was scared that their
would rope them into war
Neutrality Proclamation (1793)
this helped America send food to France w/o war ties.
Britain acts up, to avoid war,
forcing UK to pay for damage to US, leave forts (treaty of Paris) in exchange with refusing help to France (food trade).
the Pinckney treaty:
Spain returns MI and NO, etc.
Washington leaves in second term publishing his
G.W.’s VP (
) becomes president.
Quasi War w/ France:
(1798-1800) France attacked American ships which would only be stopped w/ bribery (XYZ affair), Adams made the
, to fight small wars with France at sea.
convention of 1800:
w/ France and dropped old treaty)
deport foreigners who disrupt peace
impeding policies/ defaming reps were punishable (FoSpeech)
3 men demanded bribes from Adams to talk to Talleyrand.
Debates over ratification continue to grow.
federalists: Supporters of Constitution.
anti-Federalists: favored state gov’t, worried of Constitution.
Bill of Rights
convinces many Anti-feds to support ratification.
essays by James Madison, Hamilton, + John Jay to support the Constitution.
b/cm president in 1800 w/ peace (no more feds)
(1801) maintained fed power w/ new positions (midnight appts.)
sued the Sec. of State (James Madison) for refusing to deliver commission leading to the
Marbury v. Madison
case of 1803.
VP of TJ only in 1st term
joins rad. Feds. To try to secede NE
Hamilton defeats Burr in election + decides to dual him
Burr killed Hamilton (1804).
where Sup.C. Has the power to declare fed. Laws as unconstitutional; increasing judicial power and fed power overall.
doubles the size of the US supporting TJ’ agrarian society (
avoided French threat + weak’d feds.
Lewis (personal secretary) and Clark (army officer)
to explore the new land; starting land claims of Oregon + Pacific territory.
TJ violates neutrality w/
forced Americans into UK navy.
UK iss. Orders in council (06’) stating ships must stop in UK first for EU trade (avoid French attacks.
Chesapeake Leopard affair 07’:
UK ship (leopard) attacked US ship (Chesapeake) off coast of Va. killing 3 US + forcing 4 to join UK Navy. TJ replied w/
Embargo act of 07’
which banned US trade w/ ALL nations (killing the US economy) eventually TJ repeals it...
becomes president in 1809.
allowing US to trade w/ All nations except France + England
later replaced w/
Macon’s Bill No.2:
US ends embargo if the country respected neutrality, France later broke this...
= members of congress against war w/ UK (wanting to end harassment, native resistance, own canada). Henry Clay (KY) was one of them.
Shawnee bros. Tecumseh + “the prophet” org. A confed. Of tribes E. Of MI. River (resistance). William Henry Harrison org. An army + attacked them at
battle of Tippecanoe
(1811). This b/cm a win for
eventually leading to the war of 1812...
UK arming natives
UK violates US neutrality
Desire for more land
-Dem-R favors france