Situation Ethics :heartpulse: ( What is situation Ethics? (Key Terms…
Situation Ethics :heartpulse:
What is situation Ethics?
Fletcher abandoned Christianity and became a humanist teamed with bishop Robinson who believed that God is love and that ethics is for a "man come of age" (developed minds).
Situation Ethics was made because after the war in the sixties there were lots of civil right movements and changing attitudes towards sex and drugs. People were getting tired of being told what to do and started moving away from God.
Society was changing so Christianity had to change too.
Situtaion Ethics gives ethical solutions to maodern and changed attitudes with less fear of consequences. People don't have to follow strict rules but it still lets people make moral decision in a teleological way.
:church: :Following fixed strict rules, like NML.
:tada:Absolute no rules whatsoever.
:person_with_blond_hair::skin-tone-2: Humans say things from their own perspective.
Pope Pius XII (Catholic) was against situation ethics because it broke divine teachings by letting people make their own rules.
Sition Ethics is between legalism (NML and Protestant Divine Command Theory)
Strengths and Weaknesess
Situation ethics is prepared to accept any actions, and people have different ideas of what 'loving' really is.
Unconditional love could be corrupted by selfishness. Humans are too selfish for agape. For example, do parents show the same love to strangers children?
It is not easy to determine the consequences/ and is subjective.
Rules of Situation Ethics
Fletcher's six fundamental principles
Love is always good
. Actions are good if they help others, and bad if they hurt others.
Love is the only norm
. It is acceptable to break the rules if it serves love the most. Different to NML.
Love and justice are the same, and love is justice distributed
. By showing love you are showing justice and love must be fair. In NML justice is a primary precept, not just love.
Love wills the neighbour's good, weather we like him or not
. No matter who it is, show them agape (like the good Samaritan).
Love is the only means
. This means that the outcome of any action must be loving. In NML, no bad action can bring about a good outcome.
Love decides there and then
. There are no moral absolute rules, it depends on the situation.
The four working principles of situation ethics (People Pick Read Poppies :tulip:)
: Don't do something that doesn't work, go for the most loving thing. Fletcher said "A pragmatist turns his back on fixed principles".
: Do the most 'agapaic' thing no matter what the laws say. Fletcher said "We are always commanded to act lovingly, but how we do it depends on our responsible estimate of the situation."
: Faith is very important as love echos the teachings in the Bible/ the way of Christ. Fletcher said "The christian... understands love on terms of God as seen in Christ."
Follow people rather than rules since people are created in God's image (imago dei)