Victorian Age (Great Britain) (Characteristics (Important authors (…
Victorian Age (Great Britain)
Changes in the country
In 1858 the Sewage System was created in London by Joseph Bazalgette. This helped to clean the streets and also helped with the waste management.
The invention of the incandescent gas hose popularized gas light well into the 20th century.
The first electric lights were installed in Newcastle-upon-Tyne thanks to the research of Joseph Wilson Swan
In 1837, the Morse Code and Telegraph were invented by Samuel F.B Morse. This had a huge impact in the progression of technology and comunication.
In 1896 the X-Ray was invented.
In 1850, oil refining was first used, a process in which crude oil is processed and turned to gasoline, oil and diesel.
John Calcott Horsely
The victorian age is defined as an age of realism in arts and sculpture. by the end of the century the emerge of abstract art and the arrival modernization in the artistic scene is felt.
During victorian times the sculpture showed more nudity than it used to. Sculptures were put in gardens and buildings. The most common materials were metal and marble.
The most popular building design used in Victorian Britain was probably Gothic architecture, a Neo-Gothic style which made full use of new materials like wrought-iron.
During the early years of Queen Victoria’s reign rapid industrial development resulting in many social and political changes was seen which made the United Kingdom very powerful and one of the most advanced nations in the world.
Was preceded by romanticism and was followed by modernism or realism
Fusion of romantic and realist style of writing
Victorian novels tend to talk about the character´s difficult lives in which they have a happy ending because of the hard work, perseverance, love and luck of the characters.
Victorian literature influenced modern literature and media
Alfred Lord Tennyson
William Makepeace Thackera
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
The discoveries in science that were made at that time, influenced in victorian literature since it wanted to describe and classify the entire natural world.
Unemployment, poverty, slums in large cities and the working conditions for women and children were terrible.
Economic depression led to mass immigration and Socialism.
In pence per day, per person, is far less useful for comparative purposes than a bread standard of living.
The poor were causing an agricultural and industrial revolution.
Britain had industrial dominance in the world economy.
Thomas Robert Malthus
John Ramsay McCollough
Child labor was rampant throughout the Victorian period, the families did not earn enough money to buy sufficient food.
The revolution gave women an opportunity to work and earn money, thus changing the old beliefs.
Nobility upper class (aristocrats, nobles, dukes, wealthy families)
Victorians were known for their morality and ethical conduct. Church had an influence on the society and daily lives of people.
The hereditary aristocratic families in the early IX century, took a great interest in the industrial sector.
Its strongest relationship was with Germany
Britain had political stabilty
Reform acts of 1867 and 1884 that promoted vote to citizens, except women.
It has a conservative system, it is a monarchy with a parliament that consisted in two houses
House of lords
House of commons
Politics and International Relations
Whigs- liberals, against royal power
Tories- conservaties, in favor of royal power
Western Canada,New Zeland more territory in Southeast Asia, and more acquisitions in Africa
Economy and Society
Science and Technology
Arts (Architecture, Sculpture and Painting)
Literature (Novel, Poetry)