Benner, A., Boyle, D. & Sadler, A., 2016. Parental Involvement and Adolescents’ Educational Success: The Roles of Prior Achievement and Socioeconomic Status. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45(6), pp.1053–1064.
Our study findings suggest that such efforts might be more effective if more strategically targeted. For example, academic supports or interventions with more advantaged students may want to focus particularly on promoting parents’ educational expectations and the clear communication of these expectations to their children. In contrast, programs or interventions serving more disadvantaged or academically struggling youth may want to make greater efforts to encourage parents’ active involvement in school-based activities.