Protestant Reformation (Origins of the Protestant Reformation (Erasmus…
Origins of the Protestant Reformation
The movement in northern Europe during the renaissance with the goal of combining the Catholic church.
Christianity should how people how to live good lives on a daily basis instead of just providing beliefs that they may or may not be saved or go to heaven.
Wrote The Praise of Folly.
Don't favor external forms of Christianity including pilgrimages, fasts and relics.
Martin Luther was a monk and professor lecturing about the bible.
He recognizes the church's greed and lust for money and neglect people.
He announces how the churches wrong and you only need faith to go to heaven.
Reasons for Luther's break with the Catholic Church
Need for reform
Church officials using Church offices to gain wealth and neglect proper spiritual practices.
Whether than spiritual needs of the people the Pope was more concerned with politics in Italian states.
Local priests did not understand fully of spiritual ceremonies and practices and seemed to not completely care about the people
Luther posts complaints of Catholic Church on their own door
Believed only in baptism and the Eucharist. Felt as though the current system of sacraments were too many and did not have meaning.
Responses to Luther and the Protestant Reformation
Break with the Catholic Church
Pope excommunicated Luther due to his complaints and disobedience. He went to the legislative assembly where the Holy Roman Emperor hoped to persuade him to change his beliefs and stance, he refused and became an outlaw.
His worked was burned and he was banished from Rome. He ten was sent to hiding by Frederick III.
Spread of the Protestant Reformation
The Holy Roman Emperor, who of which became very close with the Pope.
when Luther became disobedient against the Catholic Church, the Pope ordered Charles to kill him, but he was hesitant and did not oblige to it, instead tried to convince him to change his ways but Luther denied it all and went into hiding by his local lords.
Peace of Augsburg
Ended religious conflict within Germany by formally accepting the division of religion between Catholicism and Lutheranism.
Local Lords now able to freely choose between Catholicism and Lutheranism as their land's religion. States still had same legal rights regardless of choice however.
Citizens did not have freedom of individual choice, they had to follow whatever religion their local lord chose.
Impact of Protestant Reformation on politics
Rise of Lutheranism
300 German lords and rulers agree with Luther and support his beliefs.
Luther seizes the moment and sets up services that were made to replace Catholicism.