Situating philosophy and interpretive frameworks within research…
Situating philosophy and interpretive frameworks within research process在研究過程中提出哲學和解釋框架
why philosophical is important
scope廣度 of training and research experiences
Basis of evaluative criteria評價標準 for research-related decisions決策.
direction of research goals and outcomes
four philosophical assumptions
本體論問題涉及現實的本質及其特徵the ontological issue relates to the nature of reality and its characteristics
在認識論假設下，進行定性研究意味著研究人員試圖盡可能接近研究。with the epistemological assumption,conducting a qualitative study means that researchers try to get as close as possible being studied
這是價值論的假設特徵質性研究。This is the axiological assumption that characterizes qualitative research.
質性研究的程序或方法論的特點是歸納，新興，並由研究人員收集和分析數據的經驗塑造The procedures of qualitative research,or its methodology,are characterized as inductive,emerging,and shaped by the researcher's experience in collecting and analyzing the data.
writing philosophical assumptions into qualitative studies將哲學假設寫入質性研究
There assumptions, in ture, are often applied in research through the use of paradigms and theories.(or,as well call them, interpretive frameworks)在某種程度上，這些假設通常通過使用典範和理論應用於研究中（或者，也稱為解釋框架）。
Theories or theoretical orientations取向, on the other hand換句話說, are found in the literature and they provide a general explanation解釋 as to what the researcher hopes to find in a study or a lens through which to view the needs of participants and communities in a study.
Philosophy means the use of abstract ideas抽象的思想 and beliefs信念 that inform our research.