MACBETH AND MIDSUMMER NIGHTS DREAM (The tragedy of Macbeth (Malcolm and …
MIDSUMMER NIGHTS DREAM
, ambitious, cold, rational, loses her mind by the end of the play.
, he creates chaos by committing regicide. Anxious and more "human" at the beginning, he becomes disillusioned, colder at the end, convinced that
life in meaningless
foretell the future of Macbeth; although some predictions seem impossible, they all come true.
, killed by Macbeth
Malcolm and Donalbain
, Duncan's sons, lead an army helped by the English, defeating Macbeth.
The army hides behind branches before attacking giving the impression that the forest is moving, as the witches had predicted.
kills Macbeth; the witches had predicted that no-one "born of woman" could, but Macduff was born by
so technically he was not "born" by his mother.
is killed by men hired by Macbeth; his ghost haunts Macbeth.
Midsummer Night's Dream
The Duke of Athens,
Theseus and Hyppolyta
, queen of the Amazons, are getting married. They represent
and in fact, only appear during the
The four young Athenians,
Lysander, Hermia, Helena and Demetrius
but all is resolved thanks to an
, Athenian workmen, are preparing a play for the wedding; this provides comic relief but is also an example of
is transformed into a monster with an ass-head; thanks to an enchantment, Titania briefly falls in love with him.
Oberon and Titania
, the king and queen of the fairies, quarrel over a servant; their argument causes chaos: order is restored when they make up. They only appear at night.
, a mischievous spirit, acts as the "chorus" in the
In both plays
, who the Elizabethans believed in, have a
In MSND the
interact with and influence
what happens to
is considered just an
predict the future
In MSND the
scenes of magic
are set at
and in a
the scenes with the
are in the
, during a
, or at night.
loved order and were
afraid of chaos
; they believed that order / disorder in the supernatural world and in the upper levels of society was reflected in ordinary life .
is committed the country plunges into
returns to the
it also returns among
Life and the theatre
In both plays people are seen as "actors playing a part", as "shadows" - i.e. not real
and therefore also in
you just play a part, the result of magic, something that resembles
a dream, an illusion
The idea of people as shadows reminds us of the philosopher
, for whom what we experience and perceive is just shadows of the perfect world of ideas.
life is compared to a play and people are just its actors
gets to the conclusion that
life is meaningless
, it has no purpose.
, with their fretting and fury, are only
Witchcraft and prophecy
Fate and free will
Reversal of values