E 102 week 5 (chapter3 Nature and Nurture) (rebranded to 'genes and…
E 102 week 5 (chapter3 Nature and Nurture)
rebranded to 'genes and environment'
Galton (1874) coined phrase 'nature versus nurture'
he found higher intelligence in wealthier families however did not factor in diet, health, access to education etc
bit Nazi in his views but supported by Churchill, Marie Stopes and Roosevelt!
controversial now but quite supported in it's time (1890-1930)
'American Progressive Movement' (Gjersoe p61) used Eugenics/ Galton's findings to try and pass laws that would allow sterilisation of the 'unfit'
Eugenics- study of biological differences
taken seriously as 'scientific' research!? flawed research, over estimated findings , influenced by ideologies at the time
Donald Hebbs analogy regarding rectangles, which influences the area more the width or the length (Gjersoe p51)
'Blank Slate' (Gjersoe p53)
born equal. experiences shape us
reward rather than punish
Jean Jaques Rousseau (Gjersoe p55)
born 'pure' and life and society corrupts us
Montessori method has similar practices in regards to encouraging learning through play until up a good age. 12?
said keep children from society for as long as possible. no formal schooling until 12
wk 5, chapter 3 activity 2.2. AV ‘Debunking gender stereotypes’ Lise Eliot, a brain scientist (Professor of Neuroscience),
difference between the sexes not as vast as made to believe
subjective - greater disparity
objective - hardly any difference
more detection between parents and non parents, regardless of their sex
age more of a factor toddlers very aggressive
empathy and emotions
size of brain
male 9% larger but so are other organs and height!
side of brain used
1st study= men 1, wm both
multiple studies show less disparity
recalling emotions only opposites- m-right wm-left? ties in with spacial v language strengths
genes important but more influenced by upbringing and cultural ideologies and expectations- activity 2.2
good to have case studies as unethical to deprive a child in the name of science
wild boy of Aveyron (Gjersoe p57)
never caught up, never learned to talk etc
ref...Activity 1 ??
severe early 'social deprivation'
Romanian orphans project
younger they were homed better outcomes
0-2 'sensitive period'
never really catch up
impact negatively on future learning and adult wellbeing and stress levels
v cognitive psychology
too complex to just be nurture memories and propensity toward language must be inbuilt
Gjersoe (p63) N&N working together is now appreciated as integral as we understand the complexities of them both more.
It is all very complex, Biology and environment work together to uniquely shape each humans development - cognitively & physically (Gjersoe p69)
twin & adoption studies
Autism , schizophrenia, biological predispositions
antisocial personality disorder
evident in adoptive children who's biological parents have it !! Roth & Finley,1998 cited in Gjersoe, 2014 p68)
G & E according to Gjersoe (p.69) -
E is now accepting of Homosx but it does not MAKE anyone gay!