3 Big Issues of Jackson's Presidency (Battle with the B.U.S (Henry…
3 Big Issues of Jackson's Presidency
Battle with the B.U.S
The bank received federal deposits, and wanted to it to serve as a public role.
Henry Clay, Jackson's political enemy, supported the bank.
He persuaded congress to pass the bank-recharter bill.
Jackson did not support the bank.
Set out to reduce economic influence of the bank.
He set up 23 smaller banks to benefit states individually.
Jackson vetoed the bank-recharter bill.
Said it was a private monopoly that only benefited the wealthy.
What the election was mostly about.
When the bank war started, Jackson and the bank president, Nicholas Biddle would counteract each other.
Jackson supported states' rights.
SC legislature disliked the taxes in 1828.
Tariff of Abominations.
Declared it unconstitutional.
Designed to protect America from cheap British commodities.
SC opposed because it placed taxes on raw materials (cotton, tobacco).
When the Tariff of 1832 modified the Tariff of 1828, SC called a convention to test the theory by Calhoun.
Adopted Ordinance of Nullification.
Declared taxes void.
A theory by Calhoun that every state should be able to decide whether a law is unconstitutional.
Indian Removal Act
Jackson's concept of democracy did not extend to Indians.
He sided with land hungry citizens waiting on the Natives' land.
Many politicians supported this.
Wanted to compel Indians to settle west of Mississippi.
Quickly turned into a law forcing them to move.
Most NAtives reluctantly moved.
Bureau of Indian Affairs used to help relocate reluctant Indians who moved.
Cherokee v. GA
Cherokees were not a foreign nation that could sue in a federal court.
Jackson sided with states.
Judge must side with president.