Week 11: Employee Well-Being (What is Well-Being? (Well-being is the…
Week 11: Employee Well-Being
Nature of work has changed where previously there was no interaction with work and social life now work often consumes all aspects of a person's life or at the very least bleeds into adjacent areas.
Forms of Conflict
Time: we as human beings only have a limited amount of time with which we can engage in different activities therefore if work is incredibly time consuming can often take away from time with the family.
Strain: stress from one role draining their energy required to complete another role
Behaviour: behaviours required by one role are often incompatible with another role and tend to cause conflict when used inappropriately
Family: people do require relief from family duties but also require family as a relief from work duties which can come in the from of encouragement and understanding
Work: family support from the workplace in the form of supervisors and organisational policies e.g. flexible hours and holidays
Individual: coping strategies used by individuals when met with conflict or problems e.g. problem solving or out-right avoiding the problem (Lapierre and Allen)
Public Policy: legislation pertaining to employee rights means that employers cannot push employees too far by making them work long hours or for little pay
Well-being in the 21st Century
Factors challenging employee well-being
Lack of job security
Increased work intensity
Advancements in technology
Rise in dual income/career families
Stagnant gender norms pertaining to work & non-work domains
What is Well-Being?
Well-being is the culmination of many facets of ones life including their mental, psychological, emotional and physical health which are then linked to how satisfied the individual is with their life etc.
Well-being is critical to consider as it can lead to improved productivity, quality of work and reduces employee turnover and absenteeism and such
Well-being is made up by the intersection between ones work and family life
This intersection has 3 potential outcomes:
Conflict- The relationship between work and family life is incompatible in some way or another
Enrichment- Where one role is able to improve or enhance the quality of the other
Balance- Where both roles are compatible and do not inhibit the growth and effective performance of the other
Conflict, coping and well-being
Family-Support, Conflict and Well-being
Instrumental and emotional assistance likely to be intertwined resulting in reduced Family-Work Conflict
This in turn is likely to positively impact on well-being
Work-Support,Conflict and Well-being
A 'family-supportive' supervisor reduces the probability of Work-Family Conflict, thus increasing well-being
Complex relationships exist between organisational family supportive policies such as flexi-time and telework and employee experiences of conflict and therefore, well-being.
Problem-focused coping, conflict and well-being
likelihood of problem-focused coping to reduce conflict and thus increase well-being is a function of the degree of control an individual has in relation to a given life domain
All forms of coping are different to every individual however these common coping methods above often work to lift ones well-being although this may not be the case for every worker.
Achieving Worker Well-Being in the Work Environment (Kossek, Kalliath & Kalliath, 2012)
Suggest utilising training techniques that emphasise a more holistic view of working and play on themes that promote multi-sector skills and capabilities
Students should also be taught to socialise and discuss issue and problem they are tackling and develop their skills in work systems and processes as to adapt to the modern volatile occupational environment
Measuring Workplace Wellness
Stresses importance of an accurate and objective measure of wellness to successfully track trends
Flexitime & Telework
In order to help employees meet family-related demands, many organizations offer a variety of benefits, most of which are intended to provide greater schedule flexibility
Flexitime is a system of working a set number of hours with the starting and finishing times chosen within agreed limits by the employee.
Telework relates to working from home, mobile work, remote work, and flexible workplace, is a work arrangement in which employees do not commute or travel