Addressing Learning Disabilities (Other Health Impairments by Terry…
Addressing Learning Disabilities
Deaf-Blindness by Ashley Alicea
8,061 children under the age of 18 were reported to be deaf-blind in the United States in 2016. Deaf-blindness does not necessarily mean being completely deaf and completely blind. Deaf-blind individuals tend to have some residual hearing and vision. (Low incidence)
Ensure that there is ample lighting in the classroom
Introduce assistive technology such as "speech to text," "text to speech," graphic organizers etc.)
Use hands-on activities that stimulate the senses
Supplement lessons with visual aids (ensure these aids are size appropriate).
Minimize extraneous noise and ensure you are speaking loud and clearly or use a microphone
Use tactile strategies such as touch cues to better communicate with student
Deafness By Ashley Alicea
About 2 to 3 out of every 1,000 children in the United States are born with a detectable level of hearing loss in one or both ears.
There are several ways to accommodate deaf students in regular classrooms.
Always use visual aids to help your student follow along with lessons (e.g. animations, power points, videos w/ subtitles, etc.)
Assist students who lip read by speaking directly in front of the class
Use a headset microphone during lessons, lectures, or instruction giving
Ensure that your students have hard copies or electronic copies of lecture/ lesson notes
Other Health Impairments by Terry McAllister
Heart Conditions, Hemophilia, Lead Poisoning, Leukemia, Nephritis, Rheumatic Fever, Sickle Cell Anemia, and Tourette's Syndrome
Inclusive class activities
Copy all lectures notes (IEP students should all have modified notes)
Making a kid a helper
Allow answers to be given easily
Extra time in schedule to make up work
Reduce difficulty of assignments
Audio or video lessons ( Record lessons)
Use typing if writing is impacted
Break up testing into small parts
One on one instruction with the teacher
Educate students with student input. Make sure the student is comfortable with this and ask for the parents consent.
Know their triggers, avoid trigger such as lights, smells, foods, and they way they sit
Other Health Impairment. (2015, June 15). Retrieved October 10, 2018, from
Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction ELIGIBILITY CHECKLIST OTHER HEALTH IMPAIRMENT. (n.d.). Retrieved October 10, 2018, from
Frequent breaks, and bring a snack to class*
Let the student stand, provide bouncy chair frequent breaks, limit distractions, and small group work
Developmental Delay by Toni Timmins
Developmental delay is when students don't reach developmental milestones at the right time consistently. This can entail delay in any area, including gross or fine motor, language, social, or thinking skills.
About 4% of children between 2-11 are reported by parents to have developmental delay, but by the age range of 6-11 that number drops to 2% due to early intervention strategies and the fact that once students attend school they are often given more specific diagnoses. (low incidence)
Early diagnosis and intervention
Keep factors like premature birth in mind, as they can affect developmental milestone ages and expectations.
Visit doctors who can help to rule out other sources such as hearing or vision issues, and can help set a plan for addressing delays and weaknesses.
Keep notes and dates of when developmental milestones are met or attempted and failed, to better help explain your child's needs to a doctor.
Contact your school board about early intervention and seek a professional who can assess and work with your child.
Research signs to expect at certain ages, such as turning over, crawling, speaking, smiling, making eye contact, and showing stranger anxiety, and monitor your child's progression with these developmental milestones.
Ways to help your child if you suspect developmental delay
Provide tactile and manipulatable toys
Expose children to different environments
Engage them with conversation and cooperative play
Encourage new activities and stimulus frequently
Create tools for communication like picture magnets or schedules
Play games that stimulate growth in the desired areas: for example, if the child is having issues speaking well, have them a race to blow ping pong balls across the table. This is be fun and engaging but will help them strengthen their mouth muscles and breath control.
Put some toys out of reach so children have to engage with you either verbally or nonverbally, or stretch, to play with them.
2016 National Child Count of Children and Youth Who Are Deaf-Blind Report. (n.d.). Retrieved from
[Alyssa Blier]. (2014, June 23). Assistive Technology for Deafblind [Video File]. Retrieved from ...
Differentiated Instructional Strategies - Deaf-Blindness. (n.d.). Retrieved from
Hearing Impairment and Deafness. (n.d.). Retrieved from
Quick Statistics About Hearing. (2018, October 05). Retrieved from
Morin, A. (n.d.). Developmental Delays by the Numbers. Retrieved from
Mansfield, B., & Wilton, N. (2017, June 21). Helping a toddler with a speech delay. Retrieved from