E102 TMA01 BLOCK 1 wks 1&2 (Changing Trends in Childcare ( 1980s=…
E102 TMA01 BLOCK 1 wks 1&2
'. . . studies for E102, you will need to consider such statements and find academic evidence to help you evaluate the claims and make informed judgements on them. (wk 1. Understanding childhood 1.1)
One of the key skills you will develop is the ability to suspend your judgement on certain topics until you have found academic material to help guide your decisions and inform your understanding, which can often be tricky to do.
like Stephen Harrison (co-chair 102) said on 'Surviving and thriving on E102 and beyond' online [accessed 5.10.18) "I am a parent" "professional and personal motivations help me make sense of this module"
he also said "original motivations, record them now, as go along....see how they change or how reinforced or become stronger"
mimi tallow-golden points out how different children's lives are now simply as time has lapsed since our own childhoods. We all have OUR experience of childhood but different from the next person and vastly different from today's child-
This is about using evidence to inform your judgements.
wk 1. Understanding childhood section 2
you have to try and suspend your preconceived ideas, look at the facts as if new info and then analyse these in an informed way- my own words!
Changing Trends in Childcare
1.1913 Fredrick Trilby King = ROUTINE (4 hr feeding etc
1940's - Plants- train & nourish when young
1955- nursing home= didn't really see babies
John Bulby (60s?) = Attachment is good
Benjamin Spock= TRUST INSTICTS- "you cannot spoil the baby"
1980s= TWO SCHOOLS OF THOUGHT... routine v instinct Guilt big thing - career woman
Today - so much info! CONFLICTING ADVICE EVERYWHERE
participation of fathers
'Shifts in childcare advice are often presented as responding to, and offering solutions to, a crisis in childhood.
'wk 1. Understanding childhood , section 2.1
'there is no bible on childcare'
Dr Angela Davis VT ??
'every baby is different so every mother has to be different'
Deb Hardy? was it the mum?? VT
2.2 Problems facing children and young people
Sue Palmer’s (2006) book Toxic Childhood is an influential example of the claim that there is currently a crisis in childhood.
wk 1. Understanding childhood 3.2 Psychological views of childhood Activity 7...
to adequately describe development, it is necessary to focus both on typical patterns of change… and on individual variations in patterns of change
wk 1. Understanding childhood
Childhood studies …
Sees childhood as socially constructed. Focuses on social or cultural factors’ influencing children’s experiences.
Seeks to explain how children’s experiences are influenced by the time and place they grow up in.
Sees children as social actors in their own right (‘children as being’).
Examines childhood by drawing on sociology, anthropology, history and law, among others.
Aims to describe, explain and optimize children’s development.
Sometimes views children as little adults learning the skills needed for development (children as ‘becoming’).
Seeks to explain why children develop the way they do and why some develop differently to others.
Is the study of universal patterns of child development.
has a respect for children’s rights
aims to see things through the eyes of children
uses multiple methods of study
listens to what children have to say
recognises that children have their own cultural worlds
sees children as social actors
needs to be research-based in order to obtain the views of children
recognises that childhood is a social construction which varies across time and place
is international in scope.
newspapers often present a biased perspective on the topic.
wk 2 2.2
psychology is one of the spokes of CS not 2 competing ideas