Policing (Police Personality and Subculture. (Danger: situational…
Police Personality and Subculture.
Danger: situational awareness, always on high alert, and it can become dangerous.
Implicit Bias: attitude or stereotypes that effect out understanding, actions, or decisions in an unconcious way
Authority: must establish authority, balance between authority and respect
Working Personality- set of emotions and behavioral characteristics developed
Morality: values that motivate or justify actions, whether legal or otherwise; upholding law, protecting society, and taking in 'bad' people off the streets
Isolation: encouraged by perception that public is hostile towards officers- us vs them- interaction w/ public is primarily during crisis
Federal Agencies: FBI, DEA, TSA, NPS, ATF, IRS, U.S. Marshals Service, Dept. of Homeland Security, and Secret Service
Local Agencies: (County Level) Sheriff Dept., Police function in rural areas, officer of court, and operate jails.
State Agencies: High Patrol and State Police.
Municipal: Police function within city areas. Example- IMPD
Special Jurisdiction: Native America Tribal Police, College Campuses, and Dept. Of Natural Resources.
Roots started in Britain (limited, local, and fragmented)
Professinal Era (1920-1970): Merit based
Political Era(1842-1920): Corruption. Police officers were hired if they knew important politicians and/or were born into the police.
Colonial Era/ Early US: watch system.Sir Robert Peel founded Metropolitan Police Force.
Community Era (1970- Present): Community Policing and Problem Policing.
4th Amendment: No unreasonable search and seizure
Custodial Interrogation: questioning, person is not permitted to leave
5th Amendment: No double jeapardy, and no self incimrination
6th Amendment: Rights to council, public and speedy trial
Exclusionary rule: illegally attained evidence, can't be used in court
Police Use of Force: Levels 1-5- in order- Officer presence, verbal commands, soft technique, hard technique, deadly force.
Factors to police decision making: nature of crime, race, gender, age, class, ethnicity, relationship b/t victim and perp, relationship b/t police and perp