10th Grade I Movement of People Mind Map (Africa (Pre-Colombian Africa,…
10th Grade I Movement of People Mind Map
Pre-Columbian America: Is the history and prehistory before there were important European influences on the American continent.
Pre-Columbian era. (2018). Retrieved from
The Dawes Act
: Authorized the President of the US to sell Native American tribal land and divide it into allotments for each Native Americans. Only those who accepted the allotments could become US citizens. The land remaining after the allotment that belonged to the Indians would be available for public sale. Retrieved from:The Dawes Act. (n.d.). Retrieved from
The Wounded Knee Massacre
: The Wounded Knee Massacre started with the Indian tradition of the ghost dance, this was a promise to the goods to recover the land from the white men, which was seen by authorities as a possible uprising. Soldiers moved on to arrest the Chief of the Lakota Sioux tribe and this started the massacre. After this the movement passed and the US 7th cavalry unit moved on to escort the Lakota to Wounded Knee Creek. after agitation the firefight began killing many Lakota Indians and wounding some American soldiers.
Grant, R. (2018). Wounded Knee Massacre | Summary. Retrieved from
During 1821 Texas was still a part of Mexico, but regardless of that Americans settled in there due to the cheap land. Even though Mexico was entirely against slavery, Americans brought in slaves to work on their lands. Everyone that currently lived on Texas wanted independence from Mexico since they did not like the way that the president ruled over the country. In 1836 Santa Anna, the president of Mexico, tried two take on a fort in Texas and the Texas confronted him. Many of them died in battle, so Texans started a movement for independence. An army led by Sam Houston surprised Santa Anna and captured him, to gain back his freedom, he granted Texas independence. Sam Houston was elected president of Texas, he voted to join the United States and made slavery legal. Later on president Van Buren from Texas, was against annexation since he feared it would cause war with Mexico or create a disagreement in the Union since they were pro-slaves. On the other-hand, people who wanted to join the US stated that its was part of te Manifest Destiny. In 1845, James Polk became president and the congress voted to annex Texas, therefore Texas became a part of the United States.
(2018). Retrieved from
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo:
In February 2nd, 1848 the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed at Villa de Guadalupe Hidalgo in Mexico City. With a payment of 15,000,000 dollars the United States recieved 1,360,000 square kilometers of land drawing a boundary between Mexico at Rio Grande and the Gila River.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo | United States-Mexico . (2018). Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 27 November 2018, from
Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
The Atlantic slave trade or transatlantic slave trade involved the transportation by slave traders of enslaved African people, mainly to the Americas. It first started when the Portuguese kidnapped slaves from Africa, they would enslave them and bring them back to Europe. Some African societies had long had their own slaves, and they cooperated with the Europeans to sell other Africans into slavery.
Tinashe. (2011, November 14). The Atlantic slave trade. Retrieved November 27, 2018, from
[Civil War Amendments
The amendments passed between 1865 and 1870, the five years immediately following the Civil War. This group of Amendments are sometimes referred to as the Civil War Amendments. The Amendments were intended to restructure the United States from a country that was "half slave and half free”. The Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery. The Fourteenth Amendment provides a broad definition of national citizenship. The Fifteenth Amendment grants voting rights.
The Andrew Johnson Administration: 1865-1869. (n.d.). Retrieved from
The Great Migration also known as the Great Northward Migration, was the movement of around 6 million African Americans form southern North America to northern North America. It was caused by the need of African Americans to escape segregation from the south, they believed that levels of segregation were less intense in the northern parts of USA. The Great Migration mostly affected cities like Chicago, Pittsburgh, New York, Michigan, and others. During this, African Americans began to build a new place in the public life for themselves, they fought racial prejudice as well as economic, political, and social changes. As a result of increasing tensions in the north, African Americans began building their own cities or communities within bigger cities.
Great Migration (African American). (2018, November 26). Retrieved from
H. (Ed.). (2010, March 4). Great Migration. Retrieved September 20, 2018, from
the period of time after the fall of the Roman Empire and before the discovery of America was called the Middle Ages. During this period, Europe was without a dominant centralized power or overarching cultural hub, which lead to Europe expiriencing political and military discord. This lead to the use of the feudal system in Europe, which was a system that meant that farmers needed to give a big part of their harvest to the lord of the land in exchange for the land and protection. Not helping was the introduction of the Black Death in Europe. It was during this period though, that Europe went through the reinassance, which meant that it was expiriencing a revival in arts, sciences, and other areas
Columbus Lands in The Americas
The explorer Christopher Columbus sailed the Atlantic Ocean in hopes of finding a new route to India with the permission of the Spanish crown. He instead stumbled upon what is now known as the Americas. Many human beings inhabited this area, which means Columbus was technically not the first person to ever discover those lands. He made a lot of voyages, in each trying to find “pearls, precious stones, gold, silver, spices, and other objects and merchandise whatsoever”. He would continue this trip since he promised the Spanish crown that he would bring them the “goods” he found. While going back and forth, Spain to the Americas, he and his crew would abuse the inhabitants and would bring even more slaves from Africa.
H. (2009, November 9). Christopher Columbus. Retrieved November 26, 2018, from
Early British Colonies: Over a span of some three centuries the British colonies was brought under the sovereignty of the crown of Great Britain and the administration of the British government. The policy of granting or recognizing significant degrees of self-government by dependencies led to the development by the 20th century of the notion of a “British Commonwealth,” comprising largely self-governing dependencies that acknowledged an increasingly symbolic British sovereignty.
was the forced relocation and incarceration in concentration camps in the western intern part of the United States; between 110,000 and 120,000 people of Japanese ancestry were incarcerated. In February 1942, the War Department created 12 restricted zones in the US, some of these relocation camps can be found in Wyoming, Colorado and Utah. The Japanese internment camps were established during WWII by the US President Franklin Roosevelt. This was the reaction of the Pearl Harbor attack, since the US government feared that Japanese-Americans chose to take sides with Japan. Thus, from 1942 to 1945, the government’s stated that people of Japanese ancestry would be interred in isolated camps. In theses camps, residents used common bathroom and laundry facilities. Their barracks were furnished with cots and coal-burning stoves. Japanese internment camps were surrounded by barbed-wire fences and patrolled by armed guards, who were instructed to shoot anyone who tried to leave. Residents were allowed to built some sense of community; they lived in family groups and set up school, churches, farms and newspaper. However, Japanese-Americans spent years living in a place with tension and despair.
(n.d.). Retrieved from
Britannica, T. E. (2018, September 20). Japanese American internment. Retrieved from
Chinese Exclusion Act
The Chinese Exclusion Act was a document signed in 1882 to prohibit Chinese immigrants who were coming to the United States to work. This measure was reinforced for the next 10 years after its signing. Federal law said the entry of ethnic groups to enter the country for job opportunities endangered localities. The requirements to join were so harsh, certification from the Chinese government was required in order to be qualified for a position of labor. In most cases, jobs given to these immigrants were harsh such as coal mining. This document was extended another ten years after its expiration. After many attempts at attending the issue, the 1990 Immigration Act was signed, making it one of the most effective and comprehensive of all.
Our Documents - Chinese Exclusion Act (1882). (2018). Ourdocuments.gov. Retrieved 27 November 2018, from
Quan, N. (2016). "Chinese Exclusion, Paper Sons, and Why I’m Using My Maiden Name Again" by Natalie Quan - The Salt Collective. The Salt Collective. Retrieved 27 November 2018, from
Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965
The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 was an act that
opened up immigration to the United States from Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Also, it changed the origin of the people of the united states because of the idea that the Latin American population in the USA was growing. It established a new immigration policy based on reuniting immigrant families.
-(n.d.). Retrieved from
Immigration Act of 1990 - In 1990, Congress passed the Immigration Act, approving a substantial increase in immigration.
-700,000 new immigrants annually, up from 500,000
-Continued to favor people with family members in the U.S.
-Around 170,000 Visas given.
-Removed AIDS from illnesses making immigrant ineligible to enter.
Donald Trump’s “Travel Ban”
The travel ban was a suspension of the issuance of immigrant and nonimmigrant visas to applicants from Libya, Iran, Iraq, Somalia, Syria, Yemen, North Korea, and Venezuela. This order passed, with a 5-4 vote by the Supreme Court. The original travel ban was signed on January 27, 2017, as the Executive Order 13769, and was updated as the Executive Order 13780 on March 6, 2017, taking off Iraq from the travel ban. This ban expired after 90 days, and was later replaced by the Presidential Proclamation 9645 on September 24, 2017, which was expired after 90 days as well. The intention of the travel ban was to prevent terrorist attacks from those countries, but it was later found that more than half of the terrorists are Americans. The ban affected more than 135 million people, and created many conflicts between the immigrants and government.
Trump’s Travel Ban: How It Works and Who Is Affected. (2018). Retrieved from
Trump travel ban. (2018). Retrieved from