Legacy of Greece Hellenistic Age Examples (Architecture (Pharos (A stone…
Legacy of Greece Hellenistic Age Examples
A famous Museum which was a temple dedicated to the Muses.
It housed botanical gardens.
A dining hall.
A stone lighthouse 350 feet above the harbor. It had a polished bronze mirror that reflected the brilliant light of a fire.
Statues of Greek Gods
Alexander's Glass Coffin
Doric - These were simple columns that had vertices and a platform on top.
Ionian - These were also simple columns which were cylindrical and had scrolls at the top.
Corinthian - These were very decorated and had intricate designs.
Colossus of Rhodes
A bronze statue that stood more than 100 feet high.
Science and Technology
Sarkssa or long spears
Aristarchus of Samos
He developed the belief that the sun was 300 times the size of Earth.
He proposed that other planets revolved around the sun.
He listed more than 48 constellations.
He incorrectly placed the idea that the Earth is the center of the solar system.
Mathematics and Physics
He created a book called Elements which presented geometry
propositions and proofs.
His ideas are the basis of modern geometry.
He developed a theorem to find the unknown distance of the side of a triangle
He estimated the value of pi which is the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter.
He explained the law of the lever.
He developed the Archimedes screw.
He calculated that Earth's size is between 28,000 miles and 29,000 miles using geometry
Founded the school of philosophy known as stoicism.
Stoics should live highly moral-valued lives in harmony with the desires of the gods. Human temptations, power, and wealth were considered dangerous distractions. The belief focused on social unity and urged its followers to focus on what they could control.
Developed the belief of Epicureanism.
Gods has no interest in humans and ruled the universe. The only real objects were the five perceived senses. The highest pleasure was from seeking high moral standards and also the absence of pain. The main goal of a human was to obtain harmony between the mind and body.
Asked a lot of questions about life
Develops the Socratic method.
It involves asking people about things that he knows.
He knows that he does not know anything which is why he believed he was the smartest person.
He was killed for his beliefs since he was believed to corrupt the minds of young people.
Created the Academy of Athens.
He believed that people should enlighten themselves and that a great society involves people that are enlightened: a utopian society.
Focused on idealism, truth, and form.
The study of the love of wisdom
He was Plato's best student.
Started the academy known as Lyceum.
He analyzed the world from a more scientific standpoint. He analyzed empirical data which is what is observable.
He develops the golden mean in life.
Dictatorial form of government.