:potable_water: Flint Water Crisis :potable_water: (Housing, redlining,…
:potable_water: Flint Water Crisis :potable_water:
Lead, mercury, copper in water (dead water)
testing of water not complaint with standards, circulating misleading data
History of Pollution
river water is corrosive
companies opt out of water, residents stuck with water
adding chlorine because of e.coli leads to higher corrosion
Housing, redlining, loss of property value
High cost loans
Home owners groups fraught black home ownership
homeownership association, racist housing practices makes segregation
northern cities becomes the most segregated
House was too expensive to maintain ownership
taxes, insurance, utility
costs all part of housing becoming too expensive.
creating a crisis. emergency management, EFM. fiscal "crisis" . city lost democratic representative.
one company town, GM, jobs moved to right to work states, and overseas, to less regulated places. Also fiscal solvancy in detroit.
population decresases, white flight
Tax base dissapears
some people stay because of community and social relationships,
EFM: came from Michigan Gov. powers, new 2011 repub laws to expand powers of governor to seize state processes from democratic governance
1/2 of Black people in Michigan under EMF rule
privatization of water
sold pipeline to detroit so it belonged to a different district, so
Industry's that produced lead able to keep toxicity out of the public view
Detroit privatization 1827 lead to cholera outbreaks
1890s and 1930 the value of public water resurfaced.
Detroit sold of utilities 2011--first light company was sold off after fiscal crisis.
companies can negotiate debt, ordinary people get water shut off
Slum lord not paying water getting water shut off disproportionately to black neighborhoods
not everyone can move, politics of mobility and immobility
blaming poor people for their ill health in history of lead poisoning
neoliberal health politics
Detroit similar issues of depopulation
Policing + Surveillance
Segregation could trump class
(reported by home ownership groups)