Chapter 2 Ecological perspective (Culture (Involve socioeconomic status…
Chapter 2 Ecological perspective
Mass media based on characteristics of people or groups of people and expectations of how people behave in particular situations
Mass media can effects on children's social and moral development
1) Effects of Media Violence on Children’s Physical Aggression
Impact of violent content in TV programs, films, video games, music, or comic books
Media violence were associated with negative outcomes: more aggressive behaviors, thoughts, and feelings, as well reduced helping behavior
Childhood exposure to TV violence predicted individuals’ physical aggression as adults
Children, had perceived TV violence to be realistic and who had identified with same-sex aggressive TV heroes and heroines
2) Effects of TV Content on Children’s Non-Physical Aggression
Among women in the sample childhood exposure to TV violence predicted nonphysical aggressive acts in adulthood (e.g., trying to get someone into trouble)
Harming someone’s social standing, often by manipulative acts such as gossiping, spreading rumors, or exclusion
Young teens who watched more programs featuring these forms of interpersonal hostility were more likely to engage in those behaviors themselves
3) Effects of Media Racial and Gender Stereotyping - Media content may also shape children’s broader beliefs about social roles, such as gender roles
Judgments about the appropriateness of various occupations for men and women
The appropriateness of playing with sex-typed toys
Estimates of the number of men and women in various occupations
acts as a guideline as to what is accepted in society
protect those who are weak and vulnerable
Does not need to grow up in fear
control crime rates in the society
live a quality life
control students discipline in school.
History of strict family
scolding a child for disobedience
child would grow up to be obedient
This system focuses on the interaction between the various systems and how they affect one another over time
History of separated family/divorce
kids attitude towards love and marriage is negative
major life transitions.
the separation and remarriage of the child’s parents to other people when the child is a teenager
the child being certificated with a good grade at age 5
moving to a new state when the child is 10 yrs old
Parents should be responsible for raising their children followed by culture.
Involve socioeconomic status
Ethnicity / Race
Example : Child being born in poor family makes them work harder every day.
Example : Children that grow up believing in Christianity may have different values than a child that grew up in an Atheist.
Macrosystem is the largest set of people & things which has a great influence over the child.
The cultural practices & belief system will organize child daily routine to achieve goals in their development.
Parent's Work Environment
EXOSYSTEM: the third level, maintains influences such as societal intuitions, government, places of faith, school and work.
The children will easily influence by the parents work environment if they are exposed from early
example; the mother works as doctors, then the child may influence easily and wants to be a doctors too.
the child exposed to the parent's work environment such as know what the task of the parents, how the others colleagues works and others.
parents address the emotions of their work to the children and respond to them affects how expressive the children feel they can be
if parents let out their stress or emotional about work, the child may respond negative toward that occupation.
example; if the parents having stress about working, do no let it out to the children to prevent them having negative thought about it.
parents who have better occupation provide better facilities to the children
example; The parents work as engineer, they maybe provide better home and facilities that can enhance the child to be like them.
example; give better education (tuition, extra classes), better home (comfortable),
the children may have high respect for their's parents work.
Preparation for real world
pressure to follow on their footstep
Extended family consist of cousin, grandparents, uncle and aunt
Share the same belief that help in develop strong believer
the dimensions of time as it relates to a child's environment