Events Leading to the War of Independance (The Townshend Acts (The Boston…
Events Leading to the War of Independance
The Townshend Acts
The Boston Massacre
The Boston Tea Party
The Boston Massacre and the tax on tea angered the colonists, so the Sons of Liberty struck. They had heard that a cargo ship full of tea was coming into the Boston Port, so they got ready. The leader of the group, Sam Adams, the leader of the group, instructed the people to dress up as Native Americans and ransack the ship. They ended up dumping 342 chests of tea into the icy waters.
The British Retaliated with the Intolerable Acts.
First Continental Congress
Colonists were angered by the Intolerable Acts, so the wisest and smartest got together. They met at Philadelphia's Carpenter Hall, and all colonies were involved except for Georgia. Despite the protesters request, the Congress wanted to make peace with England. They sent letters to King George III explaining the problems colonists had, but he ignored them. This angered the colonists even more.
Members of the Continental Congress were George Washington, John Adams, and Patrick Henry
Battles at Lexington and Concord
The tensions broke between the British and the Americans. The British heard that a militia was being formed, and they marched to Concord, Massachusetts to seize their weapons. The militia was informed about the British by Paul Revere,and they started marching toward the British. They met in Lexington, and the "shot heard round the world" was fired there. The militia caught the British off guard, and they ended up overtaking them. 273 British died and only eight Americans died.
The continued on into Concord, and that's when the British surrendered. That was the start of the Revolutionary War.
Sometime in December 1773 after the 16th
The Intolerable Acts was in retaliation to the Boston Tea Party. It shut down the Boston Port, and took over the Massachusetts government. Boston was stormed with Red Coats, and there was one soldier for every four people in Boston. Soldiers quartered private homes.
Any protesters in Boston would be arrested and taken to England to be tried.
Occurred on King Street when a protester started picking on a British guard. The guard was watching over the King's treasury, full of letters to the king. The protester attracted more, and the British guard called for backups. Soon there was an entire face off. The protesters had clubs, snowballs, and rocks, while the British had muskets.
Nobody knows who fired the first shot, but it turned into a battle. The soldiers were pelted with objects, but the protesters were taking a harder hit. 5 Americans were killed, and 6 more were injured.
Paul Revere saw the whole massacre play out, and decided to etch it. This etch would be put in news and spread across the colonies, which fueled hate to the British.
This was probably the most grievous event because the word of the British firing at colonists was spread everywhere. All 13 colonies were notified about this, and it angered them and caused them to protest more. Paul Revere helped fuel this fire by etching the massacre, so everyone could see what happened visually without just hearing it.
The Stamp Act was repealed after colonists boycotted it, but Britain still needed money.
Britain created the Townshend Acts, designed to be exactly like the Stamp Act, taxing nothing but tea.
In protest of the Stamp and Townshend Acts, a secret group called the Sons of Liberty is formed. They use violence and intimidation in protest of taxes.
The Sons of Liberty included Sam Adams, John Hancock, and Paul Revere.