Prejudice and Stereotypes (Old/Modern Discrimination (Modern/Interpersonal…
Prejudice and Stereotypes
Realistic Conflict Theory
Intergroup conflict occurs when two groups are in competition for limited resources. (Jobs, land)
Example (Robbers cave)
Offers an explanation for the feelings of prejudice and discrimination toward the outgroup that accompany the intergroup hostility.
Social Identity Theory
A theory that predicts certain intergroup behaviours on the basis of perceived group status
Tajfel (1979) proposed that groups which people belonged to were an important source of pride and self-esteem, giving us a sense of belonging to the social world (McLeod, 2008)
We enhance our groups status while holding prejudice views against an out group, increasing our self image.
schemas, behaviour prediction, heuristics, xenophobia,homogeneity, distorted realities, scapegoating,in-group vs. out-group, superordinate goal, illusory correlation, ethnocentricity
Self Esteem and discrimination
Impact of Discrimination on Mental Health Title
Culture Clash Theory
Inter Group Contact Theory
Learning about the out group
How they think about their own group
Generating affective ties
Central idea- Interactions between members of different groups will help lower prejudices against minority groups (Gordon Allport, 1954)
Credited as the best way to mend relationships between two groups in conflict
The hypothesis needs controlled conditions in order to have the desired effect, these are;
Equal status: The two groups need to engage as equals, with similar backgrounds, class, education, and status.
Common goals: The two groups need to work as one to solve a problem which can only be achieved with absolute cooperation.
Support of authorities
Equal status: all students at the same school
Common goals: winning at sport!
Support of authorities: recognition of the authority each coach has
Modern/Interpersonal discrimination; a subtle form of. prejudice that is often unrecognizable. Mostly negative treatment of one person to another
Old/Formal discrimination; openly hostile prejudice against any out-group and favoring the in-group. Mostly with deep roots in society, institutionalized
Examples of Modern discrimination could include: A department store worker treating a healthy weight, and overweight person differently, less eye contact, levels of hostility shown
An example of Old discrimination could include:
Jane Elliot (Blue eyes/brown eyes experiment)
Robbers Cave Experiment
The simplest explanation for this conflict is competition. Assign strangers to groups, throw the groups into competition, stir the pot, and soon there is conflict.
The sample was biased.
The boys tended to characterize their own in-group in very favorable terms, and the other out-group in very unfavorable terms.
This study clearly shows that conflict between groups can trigger prejudice attitudes and discriminatory behavior.
Examples with reference to
Remember the Titans, 2002