Meaningful learning is COOPERATIVE
Appropriation of knowledge can help to problem solve.
Shared knowledge in groups makes visible how others problem solve.
Group learning encourages negotiation of understandings and goals.
Negotiating different goals encourage learners to contextualize their own knowings.
Group learning displays that problems often have more than one solution.
Human naturally work together to learn.
Meaningful learning is CONSTRUCTIVE.
Reflection encourages articulation of what has been learned.
Articulation involves clearly identifying goals and whether or not they were achieved/learned.
Puzzlement is a catalyst to meaning-making.
Seeing different perspectives trouble our current understandings, allowing for expansion of knowledge.
Learners should integrate new experiences with prior knowledge.
Learners should integrate the opinions of others with their own to build knowledge.
Meaningful learning is INTENTIONAL
Intentional learning is goal-directed.
Intent is active and willful.
Applying context with intent makes content meaningful and comprehensible.
Goals become a catalyst for deeper learning.
Goals allow for an end point to strive for.
Meaningful learning is AUTHENTIC.
Authentic learning applies context to deepen understanding.
Problem-based learning allows for transfer to new situations.
Useful contexts allow learners to apply rather than memorize.
Interaction with environment to problem solve allows for more relevant content and a more invested learner.
Meaningful learning is ACTIVE.
Learning is an adaptive process.
Humans develop knowledge about their world when there is a current need or they find it will be useful in the future.
Learning is a process of observation and reflection.
Humans interact with their environment and observe effects.
Learners develop and share knowledge with others.