Tang and Song China (The Tang Dynasty Expands China (Q. Why was it…
Tang and Song China
The Tang Dynasty Expands China
Q. Why was it important to connect the Northern cities and Southern region to the Sui Dynasty?
A. By connecting them, a strong central government was restored and China experienced a long Golden Age.
Q. Why might Tang Rulers have fought to expand China's Borders?
A. They fought so they could expand their trade and influence to gain more riches and power.
The Sui Dynasty only lasted for two Emperors
This is because they pushed heavy taxes upon their subjects and forced them to build canals and rebuild the Great Wall of China.
Because over the overwork, thousands died on these projects and caused a revolt among the subjects.
The next dynasty to rule was the Tang Dynasty.
They ended up being in power for over three hundred years and created a Golden Age for China.
How did they end up being in power for that long?
With the Golden Age and the expansion of China, they managed to expand their influence to Korea as well
An era of Prosperity and Innovation
How might officials distribution of a new strain of a new strain of rice, have been a political as well as agricultural decision?
The rapid growth of China resulted in part from advances in farming, farmers improved the cultivation of rice.
What factors might have been contributed to China's scientific and technological achievements?
Artisans and scholars made important technological advances during the tang and song eras. The most important inventions were movable type and gunpowder.
Porcelain, the mechanical clock, paper money and the used of the magnetic compass for sailing were also some of the inventions that were made during this time.
What was meant by the comment "Black is Ten Colors"?
It meant that black ink was there favorite and they didn't want to use any color besides black.
China's population nearly doubled to 100 million
China had at least ten cities with population of one million each.
China became the most popular country in the world.
It became the most advanced country
Movable typer- a printer that could arrange blocks of individual characters in a frame to make up for page printing
How did it become the most advanced country?
Changes in Chinese Society
Which groups benefited the most and least in Chinese Society?
The Urban areas benefited it the most, and the rural areas benefited the least in the Chinese Society.
Rural: peasants and landowners
Urban: shoe keepers, skilled artisans, minor officials, laborers soldiers, and servants.
Why did the change in women's status not affect peasant women?
The peasant women worked in the fields and helped produce their family's food and income so the change didn't really affect them.
Can you think of contemporary customs that might be compared to foot binding?
In Africa, people are neck stretching.
People wear rings around their neck to make their neck appear longer
This is similar to foot binding because they both are supposed to show beauty. They are both traditions that certain people did.
Why did making your neck longer, make you more beautiful?
Did neck ring rings hurt?
China gained a lot of social changes during the Tang and Song periods.
The gentry was formed, a upper class that emerged.
Below that was the merchants, shoe keepers, skilled artisans and minor officials.
The bottom class included, soldiers laborers, and servants
The peasants was the largest class in the countryside.
Women had always have to obey the men.
It got even worse later on during the Tang and Song periods.
Women's work became even less important.
One change that happened to the status of women was the new custom of foot binding.
The economic, social and technological changes permanently shaped the Chinese civilization.
The Song Dynasty Restores China
What concerns might Song Emperors have had when buying peace from their Northern Enemies?
Them not excepting peace tributes from them.
They offered to pay them with Silk, Tea, and Silver.
Why didn't they accept the peace?
Why might the Huang He have become a stable border for the Southern Song?
Because it's there is river between them so it kept them away.
Traded with Chinese in the North, Nomads of Central Asia and people of Western Asia and Europe.
It is far away from the Northern border where all the war is happening.
In result of the fall of Tang Dynasty, rival warlords separated China into different kingdoms.
Taizu claimed himself the first Song emperor.
Lasted around three centuries
What happened to him, why didn't it last more than three centuries?
China remained stable and powerful.
Song emperors tried to buy peach with their northern enemies.
They paid a lot of silver, silk, and tea.
This plan failed
Manchurian people conquered the northern China and established the Jin Empire.
They forced the Song to retreat south across the Huang He.
The song ruled only southern China after.
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