What caused the end of the British Mandate? (The Holocaust (With the…
What caused the end of the British Mandate?
The violent insurgency led by Irgun and Lehi
between 1945 and 1948, 300 British soldiers killed.
2 British soldiers were brutally kidnapped and hanged by the terror group Irgun in Palestine after two of their members were executed
The men who had been hanged were booby trapped around them that meant when people came to cut them down, they got injured too
This caused great outrage in Britain when they saw this on the front page of the Daily Express Newspaper
Britain's weakness after the second world war
They could barely afford to keep their 100,000 troops in Palestine.
Lots of rationing still going on.
US pressure on the uk
President Truman put pressure on the British , Truman saying that the British should allow 100,000 Jewish refugees to enter Palestine. The British refused , saying that would be unfair to the Arabs. British leaders this would lead to a civil war.
The US has lots of sympathy for the Jewish community
Incidents like the SS Exodus and Britain's handling of Holocaust refugees
The British continued to stop boatloads of illegal Jewish immigrants from landing in Palestine, for example a ship, the SS Exodus, carrying 4,500 refugees from Europe was prevented from landing and was sent back to Europe
International condemnation makes Britain look terrible
With the holocaust, the British agreed to the Jewish right to settlement in Palestine
This led to tensions with the Arabs in Palestine as they believed that Palestine belongs to them, without the Jews
In 1939 there were 450,000 Jews entering Palestine and after the Holocaust and WW2, in 1947 there were 1.4 million in Palestine
Britain Faced serious challenges to its imperial authority from nationalists in countries like India
Demand for Indian independence that Britain cannot afford to give it to India.