Culture Clash on the Prairie (Terms & Names (Sitting Bull ( …
Culture Clash on the Prairie
Sand Creek Massacre
Cheyenne settled at Sand Creek Reserve in Colorado: thought they were protected by Us government
Colonel John Chivington & Troops attacked Native Americas killing over 150 Cheyenne.
Terms & Names
Sitting Bull was a Hunkpapa Lakota leader who led his people during years of resistance to United States government policies.
Wounded Knee Massacre.
On December 1890, Calvary rounded up about 350 starving and freezing Sioux and took them to a camp at Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota; a shot was fired and shooting began resulting in the 7th calvary won
overland transport of the animals that lasted for about 3 months
Acts that aims to "Americanize" the Native Americans; broke up the reservations and gave some of the reservation lands to individual Native Americans; led to whites taking about 2/3 of the territory
The Chisholm Trail was a trail used in the post-Civil War era to drive cattle overland from ranches in Texas to Kansas rail heads.
short-tempered breeds accustomed to the dry grasslands
George A. Custer
the man that reported that the Black Hills had gold
a plan under which Native Americans wold give up their beliefs and way of life and become part of the white culture.
The End of the Open Range
cattle herds become a big business
The west is over (open era)
People started to use barbed wire (invented by Illinois farmer
Joseph F. Glidden) that is cheap and easy to use.
Treaty of Fort Laramie
Required the Sioux to live on a reservation along Missouri river on the Wyoming Territory
Government closed the Bozeman Trail (Hunting grounds) settlers kept moving in territory
Sioux assumed they would still be able to hunt on the grounds (Bozeman Trail)
The culture of the Plains Indians
Family life of native American
Women helps the men to butcher the game and prepare the hides while the man brings back the things.
Men and woman that showed particular sensitivity to the spirits became medicine men or women
you men were trained in to hunters and warriors
Small extended family groups
EXAMPLE : Sioux and Cheyenne
Gathered wild foods hunted buffalo.
effects of horses
Easier and more efficient to hunt a buffalo
Causing more wars to happen between
Government support Assimilation
The Dawes Act
Americanize the Native Americans
Many people supported assimilation
To make Native Americans give up their beliefs become part of
In the end, Native American receive only ⅓ of land and no
Give land to individual Native Americans
The Bloody battle continues
Custer's last stand
Lead by Crazy Horse, Gall, and Sitting Bull
Crushed Custer's troops
Prevent people from starvation, Sitting Bull have to surrender.
Red River War
Warriors been hung, women and children been brought away
Miners search for the Black Hills for gold
Reported by George A. Custer
Sioux chief appealed to government officials vainly