Kohlberg's Moral Stages (Stage 2: Individualism and Exchange (At this…
Kohlberg's Moral Stages
Stage 1: Obedience and Punishment
The child/individual is good in order to avoid being punished
If the child is being punished, then that means they have done something wrong.
From age 2 to 6
Stage 3: Good Interpersonal Relationships
The child/individual is good in order to be seen as a good person to others.
Actions will relate to the approval of others - everyone wants to fit in to their society.
From age 7 to 12
Stage 4: Maintaining Social Order
The child/individual becomes aware of the wider concerns of society, so as a result, the child considers upholding laws.
The wish to avoid guilt by obeying the laws and rules set forth by greater entities.
From age 10 to 15
Stage 2: Individualism and Exchange
At this stage, children recognize that there is not just one right and one wrong view.
They realize that different people or authorities have different viewpoints (Not quick to judge).
The term "Black and white" is not as prominent in their lives anymore.
From age 6 to 9
Stage 6: Universal Principles
People/Individuals in this stage have developed their own personal moral principles.
Each individual has their own thoughts on an issue whether it be with/against the law set forth.
Only about 20 to 25 percent of people will reach this stage or the previous stage.
Stage 5: Social Contract and Individual Rights
The child/individual becomes aware that while rules and laws exist for the good of the greatest numbers, there are times where it may work against particular individuals.
Issues are not always clear cut. There are 2 valuable sides to a potential dispute or argument.
Ages starting as early as 12