Kohlberg's Moral Development (Level 2: Conventional (Stage 3:…
Kohlberg's Moral Development
Level 2: Conventional
Stage 3: Interpersonal accord and conformity
try to be a "good boy" or "good girl" to live up to these expectations
Desire to maintain rules and authority
Judge morality action by evaluating consequences in terms of persons relationship(respect and gratitude)
Stage 4: Authority and social-order maintaining orientation
Obligations and duties to uphold laws and rules
"when someone violates the law, it is morally wrong"
Law and order morality
Level 3: Post-Conventional
Stage 5: Social contract orientation
the world is viewed as holding different opinions, rights, and values
Laws are regarded as social contracts rather than rigid edicts.
"the greatest good for the greatest number of people
Stage 6: Universal ethical principles
Laws are valid only insofar as they are grounded in justice. Thus break unjust laws
Looking beyond oneself and look at international norms
moral reasoning is based on abstract reasoning using universal ethical principles.
Level 1: Pre-conventional
Stage 2: Self Interest
"What's in it for me?"
"Paying for a benefit"
actions at this stage have the purpose of serving the individual's own needs or interests.
Stage 1: Obedience/Punishment
"How can I avoid punishment"
individuals focus on the direct consequences of their actions on themselves
The worse the punishment for the act is, the more "bad" the act is perceived to be
It is "
", lacking recognition that others' points of view are different from one's own