Metabolic disease of the bone: osteoporosis (Risk factors (Early…
Metabolic disease of the bone: osteoporosis
Nurse the patient in a comfortable position
Give analgesics for pain relief as prescribed
Check and record vital signs
Calcium supplements will also be prescribed. This should be taken prophylactically after the age of 35 years.
Include replacement of oestrogen in post-menopausal women.
Includes teaching the patient about the necessity for a diet rich in calcium and other trace elements such as phosphorus and magnesium. Regular weight- bearing exercise should also be encouraged.
Loss of height
Assessment and common findings
Specialised X-rays(bone densitometry) can confirm the presence of bone porosity.
A fracture with no history of trauma is also indicative of osteoporosis.
Bone x-rays show reduced density with wedging and collapse of vertebrae.
There maybe a family history of pathological fractures especially at old age
Early menopausal and oestrogen deficiency
Low intake of calcium and vitamin D in the diet
Intake of alcohol
Intake of caffeine
Long term calcium deficiency, especially in postmenopausal women where oestrogen levels also decrease
Osteoporosis is a metabolic bone disorder characterised by general reduction in the skeletal bone mass and a susceptibility to fractures. In osteoporosis, the rate of bone resorption is more rapid than the rate of bone formation.