it had been eight months since Rolph and Tolkachev's last meeting. They met, and got into Tolkachev's Zhiguli. Tolkachev handed over 23 rolls of film. Rolph passed Tolkachev a package from headquarters containing 32,000 rubles, a headset (for music), 6 rolls of blank film, and an interim one way radio link to pass messages to the CIA. Tolkachev had tried and failed to make the Discus work over the summer. Rolph was skeptical of the Discus, as it had "yet to contribute a single ounce of valuable intelligence." (227) Tolkacehv had some personal requests: pocket tape recorder, info about recent events in Poland, and "My Life" by Leon Trotsky. In the ops note that Tolkachev sent back, he apologized for only answering 11 out of the 45 questions that the CIA had sent him. He didn't have access to that kind of technical information. There was a new director of central intelligence, Casey. Casey had said he "got better intelligence judgements from the streetwise on the ground operations people than the more academic analysts at headquarters." That was kind of Casey's spying philosophy. In a French operation, a KGB agent provided the French intelligence over 4000 documents about a global effort by the Soviet Union to steal high technology from the West. Casey had launched a program to rig western hardware and sell it to the Soviet Union, matching the KGB's shopping list. The next meeting with Tolkachev was spontaneous; Tolkachev faced even more restriction at the institute, and only passed the CIA 6 rolls of film. He asked again for a replicated building pass. This was the last time they Ould see each other. Gerber added the concept of "deep cover" to Moscow station tactics, which Rolph then trained for at Gerber's request. This was how Tolkachev and CIA agents began to meet- in deep cover. The CIA package included building pass replicas, the Discus once again, a charger for a short wave radio, a schedule of Western broadcasts in Russia, the Trotsky autobiography, information about Poland, intelligence questions from headquarters, batteries, portable cassette recorder, and a note of thanks. Three weeks later, Tolkachev transmitted on the Discus that he wanted to meet in three days. He was frustrated that the building pass replicas wouldn't do, so he tore some paper from it and gave it to headquarters, saying "make it from this!" Headquarters told him to stop taking so many risks. In the ops note, Tolkachev requested basic needs things, like safety razors and such. Over the summer of 1982, Rolph finished his tour of Moscow, and went off on another assignment. Plunkert filled his shoes in the Tolkachev operation. They met, talked, and passed packages; 16 rolls of film for film, batteries, and books. The CIA finally managed to create a passable looking replica of Tolkachev's building pass. For several months, he used it to smuggle documents out. However then security measures changed once again. Exfiltration was brought up again, however Langley shot it down. The station went ahead anyway and drew up two plans for exfiltration. Deep cover agents worked impersonally with the agent, at a distance from the station. Robert Morris arrived in Moscow, a deep cover agent. Morris went to the station and filled dead drops as opposed to meeting with Tolkachev. The KGB overlooked Morris for months, as he filled dead drops for multiple station operations. The next assignment for Morris was more critical; to meet Tolkachev in person. Afterwords, Morris reported that Tolkachev looked good, had high morale, and passed him 17 rolls of film along with a 42 page ops note. Morris supplied Tolkachev with drawing utensils for his son, and other essential items. The film had been developed, producing 579 pages of valuable intelligence, including information about the MiG-29 target recognition system. It was very clear that Tolkachev had been pushing the limits of the KGB surveillance, and he continued to take risks which put him into poor health.