Indonesia's Population Case Study (The Transmigration Scheme Program…
Indonesia's Population Case Study
The Transmigration Scheme Program
3.6 million people were resettled in the outer island, where they received houses, land for farming, a subsistence and production package during their early settlement years.
settler population is stable
, and settlers considered their new life to be better than the one they had left behind
Schools and health centers were built and adequately staffed in all villages
Poverty was worsened
poor farming conditions
(low quality soil), no access to markets and poor site preparation.
The project costed
per family causing an economic crisis worsening Indonesia's national debt.
Resettlement was political, to remove the indigenous population from the outer islands.
It was aimed at the forced assimilation of indigenous people such as forest dwellers.
The transmigrants after their arrivals are given the very large land and also the modal to start the plantation. It can lead to jealousy from indigenous people who are not provided with facilities as like transmigrant figs.
Indonesia’s outer islands contain 10% of the world’s remaining rain forests, which where destroyed by transmigrants.
loss of biodiversity
that is significant at the national level.
To create a balanced demographic spread
by easing population density in major cities and increasing the density in less developed (and more scarce) areas.
To reduce poverty
by providing land for the landless.
Indonesia is a country which consists of 17,000+ islands, about 9,000 which are inhabited. By having this scheme, they will be able
to exploit the outer islands of Indonesia
To provide opportunities
for hard-working poor people.
Provide a workforce
to make better use of the natural resources
of the underpopulated islands.
What it is
It is a scheme created by the government
to move people living in overpopulated areas to the less populated areas
Sponsored and spontaneous migration
Sponsored immigrants: people who moved because the government ask them to.
Spontaneous immigrants: people who voluntarily move
People desired others' life and wanted to have a good life like them