Egyptian and Nubian Empires (The new kingdom (1570- 1075 B.C) (sought to…
Egyptian and Nubian Empires
Nomadic invaders rule
Israelites migrate to Egypt
The Israelites ( abraham and his family) settle in Egypt during the Hyksos´s rule
Historians believe tthat Hyksos ecourage Israelites because thier racial similarity
expulsion and slavery
around 1600 B.C series of warlike rules restored Egypt´s power
those who helped drive out the Hyksos
Queen Ahnotep ( who took power over her husband was killed
Pharaoh Kamose ( who won over the Hyksos)
his successor drove them completely out of Egypt across the Sinai Peninsula
but Israelites remained in Egypt as slaves
egypt descended into war/violence
succession of weak pharaohs
power struggles among rival nobles
the weakened country fell to invaders by unknow weapons
Hyksos ( asiatic invaders that ruled Egypt from 1640-1570 B.C)
The new kingdom (1570- 1075 B.C)
sought to strengthen Egypt by building empire
two- wheeled chariots
Hatshepsut´s properous rule1472 B.C declared herself pharaoh bacause her stepson was child at that time. Spent her reign encouraging instead of warning war
send 5 ships to punt in search of : myrrh, frankincense, fragant ointments
Thutmose III ( Hatshepsut´s stepson) prove to be warlike rule, may have murdered Hatshepsut and his armies pushed farther south into Nubia.
Ramses II made a treaty "peace and brotherhood between us forever"
The Empire declines
Ramses II died,
Egyptian/ Hitties were attackted by " sea people"
Egypt never recovered its previous power and broke into regional units then small kingdoms arose
Lybian pharaohs ruled Egypt and as Nubia both adopted Egypt´s culture.
The Kushited conquer the Nile region
Egypt declines durying Hyksos period it drove that Kushes began emerge as regional power
Nubia established its own Kushite dynasty on the thone and the Nile provided the best north- south route.
Nubia Kingdom served as trade corridor
Nubia linked Egypt and the Mediterranean world
Goods and ideas flowed back and forth
Egyptians strongly influenced the Nubians
Kush´s capital ( Napata) became the center for the spread
Kushites princess learned Egyptian language and people adopted Egyptian customs, clothing and royal rituals
Piankhi (Kushite king) captures Egyptian thone
united the entired Nile villey
erected a monument in his homeland to celebrates victory
Assyrians conquered Egypt and Kushites were forced retread south along Nile.