Tumours of the musculo-skeletal system (Ewing's sarcoma (Risk factors,…
Tumours of the musculo-skeletal system
is a cancer that forms in a type of white blood cell called a plasma cell.
plasma cells help to fight infection by waking antibodies that recognize and attack germs multiple myeloma causes cancer cell to accumulate in the bone marrow, where they crowd out healthy blood cells. rather than produce helpful antibodies, the cancer cells produce abnormal pritiens tha cause complication.
constipation, loss of appetite, bone pain, weight loss, weakness and numbness in leg
It not clear what causes myeloma but the doctors know that myeloma begins with one abnormal plasma cell in the bone marrow.
Increasing age, black race, family history of multiple myeloma,
Nurse a patient on a comfortable position. give analgesia as prescribed.
Give steroids, analgesia, chemotherapy and anti-myeloma medicines to destroy the myeloma cells or control the cancer when it comes back.
No clear risk factors for ewing's sarcoma are known.
causes are unknown.
is the type of cancer that occur most often in and around the bones.
Pain, swelling or tenderness near the affected area.
Amputation and wide local excision.
give analgesia as prescribed,
Chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Sarcomas have traditionally been classified according to their chromosomal alterations regardless of whether they accompany simple or complex genetic changes. Ewing's sarcoma, a classic small round cell bone tumor also well known as mesenchymal malignancy that result from simple sarcoma specific genetic alteration.
Is the type of the bone cancer that begins in the cells that forms the bone.
It usually caused by inherited mutation that turns off the TP53 tumor suppressors gene.
Limb-sparing surgery is done to remove the entire tumor.
Swelling over the tumor, warmth and redness, decreased joint movement, fracture caused by weakening of the bone tissue.
Anti-cancer drugs are given to shrink the main tumor
Monitor for any signs of bleeding and febrile episodes. Encourage patient to avoid straining at defecation.
(Mogotlane, 2013) (Smeltzer, 2010)