How do floods affect people living in cities ? Ummu (16) 2E4 (Social…
How do floods affect people living in cities ? Ummu (16) 2E4
Injuries , spread of diseases and loss of lives
Injured by objects and debris washed by fast moving floodwaters .
Floodwaters may cause buildings to collapse and injure or kill people .
Hypothermia may be experienced.
Symptoms are constant shivering , confusion and loss of coordination.
Diseases may spread and affect a larger population.
Water supplies may be contaminated by chemical spills from factories and sewage .
When exposed , diseases such as chloera and dysentery will spread .
Stagnant pools of floodwater will then encourage more mosquitoes to breed , resulting in more cases of malaria and dengue fever .
Floodwaters can cause damage to property and even sweep houses away ..
People will then have to evacuate to emergency shelters .
Distruption to clean water supply
May be caused by damaged waterr pipes
May also be caused due to bursting of sewage pipes , causing sewage to flow and contaminate water supplies
Damage to machinery and equipment
Floods damage machinery and equipment such a drilling machines , cranes and comupters
especially when submereged in water and damage the motors and other electrical components
Factories will be unable to operate at full capacity
Cause economic loses
Damage to transport infrastructure
Damage to facilities such as roads and railway tracks
Caused by the strong power of the water , causing the infrastructure to weaken .
When this occurs , people are unable to travel to work ans tourists are discouraged from visiting the city .
Overrall reduction in productivity , employment and profits
Disruption to energy supply
By affecting the distribution
Trucks are not able to transport the gasoline from terminals to gas stations becayse of flooded road conditions.
Roads may be damaged and are unsuitable to use
Capactity of factories and companies to produce goods and services .
Power lines may be damaged and power outages may occur during floods .
Result in loss of employment and incomes for individuals and companies