Social and economic impact of flooding (clarice) (Social impacts is the…
Social and economic impact of flooding (clarice)
Social impacts is the effect of an event on the well-being of people
Some examples of social impacts are injuries, spread of diseases, loss of lives, homelessness and disruption to water supply.
Injuries, spread of diseases and loss of lives:Objects and debris washed along by fast-moving flood water might cause people to get injured.
Floodwaters may cause buildings to collapse and injure or kill people
When people are caught in flood for a long time, they can suffer from hypothermia with symptoms like constant shivering, confusion and loss of coordination.
After a flood, diseases may spread and affect a larger population.Water supplies may also be contaminated by chemical spills from sewage and factories.
People will be exposed to contaminated drinking water and diseases such as cholera and dysentery will spread.
Stagnant pools of floodwater may also encourage mosquitoes to breed,resulting in more cases of malaria and dengue fever.
Homelessness:Floodwater can cause damage to property and even sweep houses away.
During floods, people may have to stay in these emergency shelters. Some people have to stay there for a long time after the flood while trying to rebuild their houses
Floods in cities tends to affect many people due to the high population densities in these areas.
Disruption to clean water supply:Supply of clean water may be disrupted due to damaged water pipes.Sewage pipes may also burst, causing sewage to flow and contaminate water supplies
Economic impacts:effect of an event on goods and services being produced, sold and bought.
During a flood, economic activities may stop due to the damage to machinery, equipment and transport infrastructure, and disruption to energy supply.
After a flood, a huge amount of money is required to repair the damage caused by the flood
Damage to machinery and equipment:Drilling machines, cranes and computers may be damaged by flood.The machinery equipment may be submerged in water and cause damage to the motors and other electrical components
Factories are unable to operate at full capacity and suffer economic losses. Companies may lose profits and have to spend money to buy new equipment.People may also lose their jobs.
Damage to transport infrastructure:Transport infrastructure is the facilities such as roads and railway tracks.During a flood, transport infrastructure can become impassible as they might be submerged or damaged.
The force of the floodwater may be so powerful that it weakens the transport infrastructure.
.Cities will spend a considerable length of time and high cost to repair the damaged infrastructure.
When roads are submerged or damaged, people are unable to travel to work and tourist are discouraged from visiting the city. It leads to an overall reduction in productivity, employment and profits.
Disruption to energy supply:Floods can disrupt the supply of energy by affecting its distribution.
Trucks are not able to transport gasoline from terminals to gas stations because of flooded road conditions.The roads may also be damaged and hence are unsuitable for use.
Disruption of electricity supply can affect the capacity of factories and companies to produce goods and services.
Power lines may be damaged and power outages may occur during flood.Power failures can last for weeks before they are restored
Factories and companies are unable to operate due to the lack of electricity.This may result in a loss of employment and income for individuals and companies.