Research discussion paper (utilising lived experiences) (Improvements in…
Research discussion paper (utilising lived experiences)
85% said difficulty at school (AIHW)
28% in special schools (AIHW)
Early intervention funding
various resources to support learning, with 56% receiving special tuition, and 44% using a counsellor or disability support person
difficulty changing jobs or getting a preferred job was the most common restriction, reported by 50% of people with autism and disability of working age (15–64 years
About 3 in 10 (29%) people with autism were permanently unable to work due to their condition or disability.
users aged 15 and over with autism were not in the labour force (42%). Almost 1 in 4 (24%) were employed and 1 in 3 (34%) were unemployed
73% always or sometimes needed help or supervision for self-care (such as washing oneself, dressing and eating)
91% always or sometimes needed help or supervision with interpersonal interactions and relationships
90% of those aged 5 and over always or sometimes needed help or supervision with education
80% of those aged 15 and over always or sometimes needed help or supervision in domestic life
91% of those aged 15 and over always or sometimes needed help or supervision in working life, which includes actions, behaviours and tasks to obtain and retain employment.
43,500 NDA users have autism
83% autism - under age 25
4 in 5 NDA autism users aged under 25
Males 4 x more likely than females
81% of population
164,000 ppl in Aust with autism in 2015
0.7% of population
1 in 150 people
143,900 said they had a disability (88%)
Government services have commonly been provided under the National Disability Agreement (NDA) and the Helping Children with Autism program (for children aged under 7), but these will progressively transition to the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) over time. Not all people with autism access formal support services, and some may receive assistance through mainstream health and welfare services.
Improvements in outcomes
Exclusion from society
financially worse off
Around 3 in 4 service users aged 16 and over with autism (74%) received the disability support pension as their main source of income, and a further 13% received another pension or benefit (Figure 4). Only 6% reported paid employment as their main source of income.
Diagnosed - adult
Length of process
Asking for help
Profound or severe mobility limitations affected just over half of people with autism and disability (52%).
Speak for themselves
Around 58% of people with autism and disability had severe or profound restrictions in communication,
understanding or being understood by others
Social model of disability policy
mild to profound impact on their day-to-day life
majority of people with autism (65%) had a disability with a profound or severe limitation in core activities
social interaction, restricted or repetitive patterns of behaviour and impaired communication skills
socially (63%), learning difficulties (62%) and communication difficulties (52%)
intellectual disability (33%)
psychiatric disability (8%)
specific learning disability or attention deficit disorder (7%)
speech disability (6%)
physical disability (5%)
neurological disability (4%).
Core activity limitation refers to needing help or supervision with communication, mobility or self-care because of a person’s disability or long-term health condition