how did the berlin blockade and the berlin airlift affect soviet american…
how did the berlin blockade and the berlin airlift affect soviet american relations
The Berlin Blockade
The soviet union blocks all roads and railways going into the soviet zone
this blocks all goods and people travelling from west germany into the soviet zone
he is trying to isolate berlin from america britain and france thus meaning that he could gain complete control of berlin
therefore the other countries must find a method to get into berlin
option 1-- fly supplies into berlin
option 2-- send in tanks and break through-- general clay
there are several options that america considers when deciding how to respond to the blockade.
option 3-- give them berlin or negotiate
1st jan 1947 britain and america unite their zones-- the bizone--
1st june 1948 france join their zone creating --the trizone--
june 1948 the trizone tries to implement a new currency called the deutschmark
blockade = 23rd june
stalin taken offence
they united but left him out
he is surrounded maybe military possibilities
by 23rd june 1948 it is clear that britain france and america intend to support the development of a strong capitalist western germany.
The Berlin Airlift
blasting through the blockade could lead to another war something that must not happen bit on the other hand they do not want to concede political ground to the soviets
decision was made on the 25th of june and the next day the first group of planes flew over to west berlin delivering vital supplies due to that the soviets had stopped supplying on the 25th
100000 trips // 600,000 tonnes
planes were taking off and landing every 90 seconds in west Berlin airport
how did it affect relations
britain and america had been able to sidestep the blockade
relations are much the same
shows that the soviets cannot be trusted
the airlift will leave resentment on the soviet side as the Americans/british/french have one up
NATO-- North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
A peace time anti-soviet alliance
signned by a number of western european countries and america
according to NATO an attack on any of the signataries will be treated as an attack against
May 1949 partly as a result of the unified effort of the airlift britain and america give west germany a constitution . the new country becomes known as the FDR-federal deutch republic
august 1949 it holds its first elections: konrad adenauer the leader of the christian democrats wins (he hates communism and is keen to align west germany as closely as possible with america.
october east germany as a tit for tat is given supposedly its own constitution and named it the democratic german republic and the communists come to power
Western European nations, US and Canada set up NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation); USSR declare East Germany a sovereign state
Britain, France and the US declare West Germany a sovereign state and democratically elect a German government with Konrad Adenauer as Chancellor
Berlin Airlift - Britain and US supply West Berlin with fuel, medicine and victuals via air transport.
The Soviets withdrew from the Four-Power Allied Council as a result of the 1948 London Conference.
USSR responds to Marshall Aid and Truman Doctrine by creating Cominform and tightens its control on Czechoslovakia.
Establishment of a West German State led the USSR to ban all rail traffic, water and electricity supply between Berlin and West Germany.
May 1949: Berlin Blockade stopped; Germany divided for the rest of the Cold War