French Revolution (who were the people involved? (King Louis XVI,…
who were the people involved?
King Louis XVI
Maximilien de Robespierre
The 3 Estates
Fun facts/special details
over 17,000 people were officially executed during the Reign of Terror, and more died in prison or without trial
Marie Antoinette did not say "let them eat cake"
the only reason King Louis XVI escaped was because people recognised him due to coins, as they did not have contact with the King yet his face was printed out on the coins
on the day that is marked as the beginning of the French Revolution, there was only 7 prisoners in the Bastille prison
What was the revolution's historical significance?
questions asked that we still ask today
now france is proud of its revolution even though some do consider it a failure
very famous for what the some people stood for (Liberty, Equality, Fraternity)
The Revolution also saw the beginnings of socialist theory, such as the necessity of economic planning and a greater equality between the rich and the poor. These theories, along with a growing nationalism, would play a significant role in European politics in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. -
better idea of economic organization, equality between rich and poor, and these ideas influence European politics 19th-20th century
What were the effects of the revolution?
helped France get out of a time of bankruptcy
allowed France to slowly restore order and become a modern and civilised society
France dominated a lot of Europe and many other places as they became a very powerful country due to Napoleon's army's wins
tested the French and how the country handles situations
allow peasants to voice their opinion and the Revolution was quite successful for them
feudal rights had been abolished and a constitution was written
national pride was born in the country
formed democratic and constitutional ideas
questioned the government and social power
created a basic form of the government most countries use today, and asked question that we are still not able to answer
allowed new ideas to flow through the country and acknowledged the strength of a social force
Was the revolution a success or a failure?
firstly it started as a success as the 3rd Estate was able to overthrow the King and establish the government they wanted
formed basic democratic and republic ideas that are used now
formed basic human rights (men) and opened a door to equality
used a bicameral legislature which is still used now
although it did not work out for the French Revolutionaries, it inspired other countries
the revolution turned into a bloodbath and over 20,000 people were killed
went from an absolute monarchy to a military dictatorship
failed to establish a constitutional monarchy
the Reign of Terror created chaos and violence
went through a long process with some steps that slowed down the revolution and only created more problems
What was the cause of the revolution?
peasants are not happy (high taxes and hunger)
not enough food and taxes raised
1788 France is bankrupt
May 5th 1788 Estates General
3rd Estate not happy as they represent 98% of population but could still be outvoted
June 17th National Assembly is formed
Tennis court oath
July 14th Bastille prison attacked which is considered the start of the revolution
What happened during the revolution?
the bastille prison was attacked
August 4th the National Assembly abolishes feudalism and form "the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen"
struggled with basic questions and was hesitant on the way they would like to run the country
June 1791 the King tries to flee the country which weakens his power over the country
September 3rd 1791 France's first written constitution was adopted
some people in the National Assembly wanted a more republic government and wanted the trial of King Louis XVI
April 1792, the newly elected Legislative Assembly
the political crisis took a turn by the rebels (insurgents) who called themselves the Jacobins
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declared war with Prussia and Austria
great fear (nobles running away and peasants burning down landlords' houses)