Chapter1-3 (Chapter 1: The Criminal Justice System part 1 (Goals of…
Chapter 1: The Criminal Justice System part 1
Goals of Criminal Justice System
Police: Peacekeeping, Apprehension of law violators, crime prevention, social services, protection, face & enforcer of the government, and 1st responders.
Influence: Investigation :left_right_arrow: Arrest :left_right_arrow: Booking (Going to jail).
Courts: Prosecution of accused, Defense of the accused, Preservation of rights, Adjudication.
Charging :left_right_arrow: Initial Appearance :left_right_arrow: Preliminary Hearing/Grand Jury :left_right_arrow: Information/Indictment :left_right_arrow: Arraignment :left_right_arrow: Trial :left_right_arrow: Sentencing :left_right_arrow: Appeals.
Corrections: Community Corrections, Institutional Corrections
Correction :left_right_arrow: Release
Justice, Crime Control, Crime Prevention
Herbert Packer-Models of Criminal Justice Administration
Crime Control- Crime repression, Emphasis on ability of Law Enforcement Officers/Courts to find, Punish criminals, and Assembly-line Justice
Due Process- Protection of liberty, Individual rights, Adversarial, and Innocent until proven guilty.
Disparity- A difference between groups that can be explained either by legitimate factors, or by discrimination.
Discrimination- Differential treatment of individuals or groups based on race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, or economic statues, instead of on their behavior or qualifications.
Chapter 2: Crime & Victimization
Types of Crime: Visible, Occupational, Organized, Transnational, Victimless, Political, and Cyber.
Violent Crime: Homicide, Assault, Battery, Rape, and Robbery.
Property Crime: Theft, Larceny, Shoplifting, Embezzlement, and Burglary.
Public-Order: Threaten wellbeing of society & challenge accepted moral principles. Public intoxication, panhandling, vandalism, and disorderly conducts.
White Collar crime, Skimming, Insider Trading, Tax Evasion, Fraud, Counterfeit Products, and Money Laundering.
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Chapter 3: Criminal Justice & The Rule of Law Part 1
Criminal Law vs. Civil Law
Criminal Law: Substantive and Procedural
Substantive Criminal Law
Defines act that are illegal, Specifics punishment, and The "Substance" of the Law.
Crimes by Consequence
Felonies (More serious & longer than 1 yr. sentences), Misdemeanors, and Civil infractions.
Elements of a Crime
Legality-(Has to be illegal), Actus Reus-(Guilty Act), Causation, Harm, Concurrence, Mens Rea-(Intent), Punishment, and Strict Liability-(Is no intent needed).