EDEP 820 Alexander Chapter 1 (Developmental Path of Ed Psych (100 years is…
EDEP 820 Alexander Chapter 1
Our shared motives, conduct, and service would more likely be reached, aroused, and guaranteed when science and art are cojoined in the quest.
The creation of ED Psych was based on collaboration
Developmental Path of Ed Psych
The creators of Ed Psych - Dewey, 1897 ; G. S. Hall, 1885 ; James, 1890 ; Thorndike, 1903
Furthering the cause - e.g., Berliner, 1993 ; Glover & Ronning, 1987 ; Pajares, 2003 ; Walberg & Haertel, 1992 ; R. I. Watson, 1961
100 years is a fairly short life span
Most believe ED Psych was Born out of B.F. Skinner & John Watson
This is misguided. Began before.
Beginning traced to 1892 at First APA meeting,
but ideals go way farther back
But goes back to Plato, Aristotle, Bacon, Aquinas, Descartes, Rousseau, Kant, Hume, and Locke
John Comenius -(1649/1896)
often referred to as the “father of education,” believed that education should take place in the home and that all children—girls and boys, rich and poor—should be educated.
Juan Vives (1492–1540
De Tradenis Disciplinis, Vives (1531/1913)forwarded foundational tenets for applying psychological understandings to educational issues. Among his tenets were
(a) memory retention is enhanced by an orderly presentation of facts,
(b) interest is fundamental to sustained learning, and
(c) students should educational psychology has not yet come of age be evaluated individually on performance rather than normatively
Similar stories could be shared regarding the contributions of Johann Pestalozzi (1746–1827), the Swiss educational reformer who created the first modern elementary school using Rousseau's theory.
Meanwhile, American philosophers and educators like William James (1842–1910), John Dewey (1859–1952), G. Stanley Hall (1844–1924), and Joseph Mayer Rice (1857–1934),
all of whom were interested in the study of learning, were furiously developing a method through which they could harness the power of scientific exploration and experimentation.
First Published talks to teachers on ED Psych
Lacked Public verifiability
In 1993, Alexander and Knight wrote an article titled “Dimensions of the Interplay Between Learning and Teaching,”
teaching and learning generally fall into three categories (see Figure 1.1 ): stationary, incremental, and iterative.
Incremental - undergo a systematic but non cyclical development marked by dramatic, if not exponential, increases over time.
iterative - repetitive and occasionally cyclical occurrences within developmental history.
Stationary - refers to developments in which the conditions in question continue over time but in relative stasis.