Impact of WWII on Australia (Political: Related to government, laws and…
Impact of WWII on Australia
Social: Related to society, people, ideas, culture and values.
Changes to woman work.
Growing influence of American culture.
Creation of post-war immigration programmes.
Internment of German, Italian and Japanese Australians.
Political: Related to government, laws and politics.
Introduction of federal income tax.
Introduction of censorship.
The Australian government believed strict censorship was necessary to maintain national security and boost public morale. All forms of media (newspapers & radio broadcasts) subject to controls, limited wha they could report. Mail & monitored phone calls censored ensure military information relating to troop movements and locations was not communicated to the enemy.
Involvement in creation of the United Nations.
Weakened ties with Britain.
Stronger alliance with the USA.
Passing of the National Security Act.
Introduced laws that gave the federal government greater powers to respond to the threat of war. Allowed newspapers & the media to be censored, legalised the detention of so-called 'enemy aliens' (Germans and Italians) living in Australia. Groups who opposed the war (the Communist Party, Jehovah's Witnesses) were banned.
Introduction of conscription.
Increased use of propaganda.
Continuity: Areas of life experiencing little or no change.
Economic: Related to the economy and business.
Introduction of rationing.
Growth of manufacturing industries.
Expansion of welfare and social security.
Greater government control over the economy.