Aesthetics; philosophy of beauty and art (What is beauty (Antrient Greece:…
Aesthetics; philosophy of beauty and art
What is beauty
Antrient Greece: the pursuit of glory-typified in the fight to the death and the praise of the victor
Plato: An ideal form beyond the materialistic world; victors to be appreciated Beauty in the world of the series os a lesser representation of the ideal form
Aristotle: Defianble and objective; order unity/ arrangement of parts according to the form, symmetry and proportion
Kant: Objective 'pure beauty' can be appreciated with the freedom of concepts, objectivity, obligatoriness, disinterest in the spectator
Hume: Subjective -'each mind' beholds a different beauty. described by the viewer - not and inherint property of the object- based on pleasure.
Burke: Aesthertic dualism: aesthetic delight produced by beauty and the SUBLIME.
Murdoch: inherent idea that we recognise what we see. Found when we observe by the object of beauty.
What is art?
Mimesis (PLATO + ARISTOTLE): Representation of observed reality, produced by technical skill.
Tolstoy: Expression of emotions, communicated to those who view it
Functionalism (BEARDSLY): Fullfills function of art: Intended to create an aesthetic experience or belonging to a type of arrangement
Proceduralism (DICKIE):The institution of theory: an artefact that had been worked or and accepted by the member of the art world as "ART"
Ant-Essentialism (WEITZ): No singular essentail/ defining property, but works of art bear a family resemblance to other works of art.
How should art be interpreted
Intentionalism: The meaning that the artist intended
Wimsett and Beardsly: The Intentional Fallacy; Meaning is based of the art itself, not the intention behind it
Kant: based on formal properties - objective response evoked
legal: Based on historical and cultural context - spirit of. the artist and their context
Change over time?
What determine's a work of arts value
Mortality and Ethics