Managing for inclusion- Equality and Workplace Diversity (Diversity…
Managing for inclusion- Equality and Workplace Diversity
What is diversity?
Terms used to describe differences among individuals
Age, race, ethnicity, gender, physical characteristics (height, weight, etc.) mental and physical ability, personality, sexual orientation etc.
28% born overseas, third highest in the world
Elimination of discrimination
Anti-discrimination, equal opportunity, and affirmative action legislation in Australia
Social Identity Theory
Stipulates that individuals validate their social identity by favouring their "in-group" at the expense of "out-groups"
Individuals perceive that it is "easier" to communicate with other members of their in-group as they are more predictable, trustworthy, and more likely to reciprocate favours.
Social dilemmas of workplace diversity
Public policy problem
Avoiding the creation of legislation that results in "protected classes" of workers.
Instead developing legislation that requires firms to develop and implement diversity initiatives that result in sustainable success.
Aligning individual interest with organisational diversity initiatives by restructuring incentives.
Assisting individuals in realising that their self interest can be facilitated by embracing organisational diversity initiatives.
What is the glass ceiling?
A phenomenon that limits the advancement of women and other minority groups to senior managerial positions in organisations.
Only 25% of key management positions on company boards are held by women In Australia.
However, in the public service 40% of all senior executive positions filled by women.
Eastern European and Scandinavian nations lead the way in abolishing glass ceiling.
Overcoming the glass ceiling
Changing societal norms around the role of women and eradicating gender bias
Eliminating the stigmatisation of men who choose to stay home for family reasons
Introduction of paid-parental leave schemes, especially for men that goes beyond "one week"