Understanding the Old Testament (Binding of Isaac (Lots of parallels to…
Binding of Isaac
Lots of parallels to New Testament
God provides a lamb for sacrifice. 7. Jesus is the Lamb of God.
Sacrifice on the wood. 6. Jesus is on the Cross.
Goes off alone. 5. Important in Hebrew / NT literature.
Third Day 4. Three is an important number in Scripture.
Emphasis on sacrificing his only son. 3.The Father offers His only Son
Moriah is near Jerusalem. 2. Anything important happen in Jerusalem?
Takes place on a mountain 1. Mountains are key to Hebrew literature.
Typology: Typology is finding Jesus in Old Testament.
God shows that he is not a God that demands a child sacrifice.
Abraham proves he is faithful to God.
Angel stops Abraham from killing Isaac.
Abraham tells Isaac God will provide sheep.
God tells Abraham to sacrifice his only son at Moriah.
Archaeology and Biblical Study
Land of Canaan
Hotly contested area throughout history
From closest to Mediterranean to farthest (left to right)
Transjordanian Plateau (important trading route and called the “King’s Highway”)
Hill Country (where Hebrews eventually settling down)
Merneptah Stele and the Rosetta Stone
Rosetta Stone is recovered in 1822 during Napoleon's conquest of Egypt. Rosetta Stone was used to help translate languages. There were three different languages on the stone that contained the same text and using this, people could correlate one word to another word in a different language on the stone. This helped translate ancient texts.
Ancient stone detailing the conquests of Pharaoh Merneptah. Merneptah Stele contains earliest known mention of word “Israel.” This shows Israelites existed.
Organized living species.
Pottery from other cultures from trading routes. This was a trading site.
Believed in some sort of religion and they believed in some sort of an afterlife.
Burials and special treatment of bones.
Human like statues
Helps us understand cultures, writing styles, beliefs, myths, contrary ideas, ancient history etc.
While not included in the Bible, these writings give us insight into cultural practices, commonly held ideas, writing styles, imagery etc.
Books and other writings composed in the same timeframe as literature within the Bible.
Gives us clues about what was going on before and during the time period in which a lot of the Old Testament occurred and was written.
God reveals himself by saying his name is YHWH ("I am”) to Moses. Jewish people said “Adonai” or Lord.
Isaac and Ishmael become important religious figures
Ishmael becomes a patriarch to Muslims.
Isaac becomes a patriarch to Jews and Christians.
Sarah’s name was originally Sarai.
Abraham and Sarah eventually have a son they name Isaac.
Abraham and Hagar have a son named Ishmael, but Sarah becomes jealous and expels them.
Abraham and Sarah are unable to conceive; Sarah tells Abraham to try to have a child with Hagar, her maidservant.
God calls Abram to leave his home in Ur to travel to a new land.
God’s Covenant with Abram
Signs of the covenant:
Abraham is circumcised
Abram’s name is changed to Abraham
God asks for faith in return.
You will have an heir.
You will have a land to call home.
Your descendants will be as numerous as the stars.
All communities of the Earth will find blessing in you.
I will bless those who bless you and curse those who curse you.
I will make your name great.
You will be blessed.
I will make you a great nation.
Etiological Myth: A myth that seeks to explain the origins of something.
Genesis reveals to us God's character
God wanted to create man in their image (Holy Trinity)
Adam and Eve
When God sees what is wrong with Adam and Eve, Adam says that Eve and the snake tricked him into eating it.
After the fruit was eaten, Adam and Eve felt shame.
Serpent says if Adam and Eve eat from tree, their eyes will open and they will be like gods.
Serpent shows up and convinces Eve and Adam to eat fruit from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil
God creates Eve.
God creates animals to help Adam. None are suited to help Adam.
God is communal.
God says that it is not good that the man is alone.
Lord God made grow every tree that was delightful to look at and good for food. The Tree of Life and the Tree of knowledge of Good and Evil. Adam is not allowed to
eat from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil.
The Lord breathed life into the first man named Adam.
God creates world in 6 days
God rests on the seventh day.
Day 6: God decorates the land with humankind and other animals.
Day 5: God decorates sky and sea with birds and fish.
Day 4: God decorates the heavens with Sun, Moon, and stars.
Day 3: God separates land from sea.
Day 2: God separates water above from water below.
Day 1. God separates light from dark.
Deuterocanonical Books - Books included in the Catholic Old Testament, but not in the Hebrew Bible.
Canon of Scripture - Official list of books belonging to the Bible.
We learn about the nature and character of God through the Bible. He desires to reveal Himself to us and He desires to have a relationship with us.
How to interpret
Questions to ask:
What did the original author intend?
What did the Holy Spirit intend?
Exegesis: The utilization of various analytical tools to interpret or understand a particular word, phrase or book of the Bible.
Eisegesis: The utilization of Biblical text to prove a predisposition or interpret the text to fit personal needs.
What to consider:
The analogy of Faith
The living tradition of the whole Church
The unity of the Whole of Scripture
Old Testament: Collection of sacred books written between 1000 BC and 150 BC. There are 46 books in Old Testament.