Traumatic brain injury. occurs when there is sudden trauma to the brain…
Traumatic brain injury. occurs when there is sudden trauma to the brain that stops normal function. This can have effects on cognition,psychological, psychical, emotional and social effects.
is a mild brain injury caused by physical trauma to the head
complications, LOC, amnesia, Post-concussion
syndrome Post-concussion syndrome can cause persistent headaches, lethargy, , behavioural changes, and impaired intellectual abilities
Scalp lacerations are recongniseable as contains many blood vessels with poor constructive abilities, most scalp lacerations are associated with profuse bleeding.
caused by physical trauma resloting in lacerations
Complications major blood loss and infection risk
A collection of blood between the dural and arachnoid coverings
of the brain
Bleeding between the dura and the inner surface of the skull
Complication can include altered level of consciousness, several haemorrhage, confusion,nausea, vomiting and coma these can vary depending if the injury is short or long term
Diffuse axonal injury
Wide-spread damage to the white brain matter
LOC, ICP cerebral oedema, spastic paralysis
breaks in the cranial bone can be classed as linear or depressed, simple, comminuted, or compound,
closed or open.
Comminuted multiple linear fractures with fragmentation or
Simple linear or depressed skull fractures without fragmentation
or communicating lacerations.
Depressed- inward indentation of skull.
Liner break in continuity of bone without alteration of
relationship of parts
compound depressed skull fracture and scalp laceration with
communicating pathway to intracranial cavity
causes are genarally from physical trauma
Complications of this type of trauma include significant bleeding at the wound site, severe pain, infection and damage to the brain which could result in brain haemorrhage and increase intracranial pressure leading to further brain damage.