Middle Colonies (States (Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Delaware),…
Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Delaware
Representation was very stressed. As democratic states, they each elected a governor and similar liberal policies.
This part of the 13 colonies was much more tolerable of different religions than its upper counterpart colonies in New England. New York and New Jersey were lands with diverse religions (Lutherans, Mennonites, Presbyterians) while Pennsylvania held a safe ground for Quakers to practice without religious prosecutions.
Nicknamed the "breadbasket," the Middle Colonies focused on growing barley, wheat, oat, rye, and maize.
The colonies were a commercial center for many activities including mass harvesting. The fertile soil allowed cash crops to grow and be sold as a great way to earn income. Tradesman and trade was huge
These colonies attracted a wide variety of people from all over Europe. Concentrated in New York, the Middle Colonies had Dutch, French, Dane, Norwegian, Scottish, Irish, and Italian people.
In 1700, the middle colonies had less of a population than the New England and Southern colonies with about 65,000 people.
Main pulling factor: Land
Came with skills to work
Winters that wiped out but also had long growing season
Extended Family groups
Better relation with Native Americans