Wildlife Conservation (Issue: Multilane-Highways through Forest (What is…
Issue: Multilane-Highways through Forest
Wild animals are vulnerable to vehicular
-blinded by bright
Highways fragment the populations and restrict the
gene flow and result in Habitat loss
What is India's Policy?
September, 2013, NBWL said no to new
roads through the protected forests.
NBWL: Apex advisory body to Centarl Govt on all wildlife-related matters
NBWL open only to widening of existing roads with adequate mitigation measures
-Govt accepted this as policy in 2014
NBWL made it
mandatory to includea Wildlife Passage
Planas per guidelines by WII
WII is autonomous wildlife research body under Environment Ministry
Roads destroyed tropical rainforests in South
America,Asia and Africa
Amazon has still no-go zones
2008, Karnataka closed night traffic due to report of frequent night kills
Kerala HC withdrew order, Karnataka HC restored order
Why in news?
SC constituted a committee with NTCA
maintaining status quo.
KA, TN in favour of traffic close at night
Mitigation measures suggested by SC to provide for wildlife passageways, fencing highway
Research report on Man-Animal Conflict
Changing Local economy has a bearing on man-animal conflict
Reasons for conflicts in Bandipur tiger reserve
Fluctuating coffee prices
Lower demand for cowdung as manure
Increasing foreign cattle varieties. As previous scrub cattle used to graze on forest land, predation by carnivores