GERUNDS\INFINITIVES (LINKS (Gerund vs Infinitive, Questions, Worksheets,…
Gerund vs Infinitive
Gerunds are formed by adding “-ing” to the verb: “sleeping,” “drawing,” “swimming.” But they are not the “-ing” verb forms that you see in the present or past continuous tense. They look the same, but gerunds are actually verb forms used as nouns.
Gerunds can be used as a subject of a sentence.
Walking is good for your health. Making friends has become more difficult since I moved to a new city. Becoming a millionaire is a dream of many young people today.
If you want to make an object into a subject, a gerund should be used:
Graduating from university is not easy. Speaking English is necessary to work in a hotel. Having close friends is wonderful.
Only gerunds are used after prepositions (with one exception).
A preposition that follows a pronoun:
I forgive you for not telling the truth.
A proposition that follows a noun:
Novels about growing up are popular among teenagers. I have an interest in becoming a painter.
A preposition that follows a verb:
She is thinking about trying martial arts. He looks forward to meeting his cousins.
A preposition that follows an adjective
: I am wary of going alone.My mom is scared of flying.
I had no choice but to follow her.Mary made no stops on the way except to get gas.There is nothing left for me to do but to collect my money and go.
Common Verbs followed by Gerund
like, dislike, hate, adore, admire, detest, prefer etc.
ideas and opinions:
admit, consider, imagine, suggest, recommend
begin, continue, delay, finish etc
practice, spend (time), avoid, can't help, deny, involve, mention, miss, risk
An infinitive is the verb form that has “to” at the beginning. For example, “to do,” “to sleep,” “to love” and “to create.” It is the simplest verb form that you have to modify to fit into sentences.
Common Verbs followed by Infinitives
agree, choose, decide, forget, learn, remember, want, wish
aim, arrange, expect, hope, offer, plan, prepare, promise, refuse, threaten
e: appear, seem, pretend, tend
attempt, can't afford, ask, deserve, fail, offer, try
Infinitives should be used after many adjectives.
It is not easy to graduate from university. It is necessary to speak English to work in a hotel.
Only infinitives are used after sentence objects that are nouns or pronouns referring to a person.
I am warning you not to do this!
They urged me to continue my research.
Who told you to come here?
That will teach you to follow the rules!
The test required him to concentrate fully.
: Please remind me to wash the dishes.
: **She ordered the child to stay at home
I invited a friend to attend the ceremony.
(give a job to someone): Did the company hire you just to sit in your office?
: **Can I ask you to help me with something?
* I never expected him to become famous