-Emotion reactivity and regulation: Emotion reactivity refers to individual differences in the threshold and intensity of emotional experience, which provide clues to an individual's level of distress and sensitivity to the environment. Emotion regulation involves enhancing, maintaining or inhibiting emotional arousal, usually done for a specific purpose/goal.
Regulation problems involve weak or absent control structures; dysregulation means that existing control structures operate maladaptively. Emotion regulation abilities are important signals of normal and abnormal development.
Child-caregiver relationship plays a critical role in this process.
-Temperament and early personality style: temperament refers to the child's organised style of behaviour that appears early in development, which shapes the child's approach to their environment.
There are three primary dimensions of temperament: positive affect and approach, fearful or inhibited, and negative affect or irritability.