Why is Muhammad a role model for Muslim living? (Conquest of Mecca (Paths,…
Why is Muhammad a role model for Muslim living?
he was influenced by Bedouin culture (desert-dwelling Arab nomads)
Became an orphan at a young age and lived with his uncle, who was a merchant trader, thus traveling to many countries and being exposed to many cultures
Muhammad had 7 children and is a role model for fathers
Muhammad was born into the Quraysh tribe in Mecca 570 CE - this was a major commercial/trading city
While young he became associated with the hanif, who favoured monotheism without converting to Christianity or Judaism.
He was chosen by Allah for a reason
In 610CE Muhammad received a personal vision in which he was commanded to ‘recite’. He replied ‘I cannot recite’. Muslims believe that this is a revelation from God delivered by the Archangel Gabriel.
He built upon and revised the previous revelations from Judaism and Christianity.
He is able to lead a big group of people to a new place
Other people trusted him
Brought people from different tribes together
Conquest of Mecca
shortest and direct path to spiritual connection with God
Openly sanctioned warfare and preached jihad (holy war) against non-believing opposers
624 CE: victory against superior Meccan army = greater morale amongst Muslims
625 CE: Successfully defended Medina from Meccan attack
Made a treaty with Meccans for annual pilfrim to Mecca then turned attention to unification
630CE: conquered Mecca, idols removed from Ka’bah, Ka'bah became central focus of Hajj - new era of worship
The path of justice and good works
The path of virtue
The path of faith
Muhammad's final years
Transformed Arabian social structure: did not persecute Jews, Christians or those of other religions but raised their tax for physical protection against enemy invaders although non-believers were forced to face Islamic rule or death
Last of the Prophets and an example of 'extreme good in society'
The teachings were a threat to the wealthy Meccans as it could put an end to the pilgrimage trade- a good source of income.
Resistance to Muhammad was organised and sought to eliminate the group of followers.
Muhammad received no support from Christians or Jews as they refused to recognise him as a prophet.
Qualities of Muhammad
Submission to the will of God when he was first called his faithfulness to the call despite numerous difficulties of ridicule and persecution
Trust in God to take the dangerous journey from home to Medina to establish place where God was more important than anything else
Qualities of Justice, Integrity, fairness ,prudence and practical wisdom which he displayed as the leader of the Muslim city of Medina
Care for vulnerable members of society- women, new-born female babies, the poor and slaves.