The Strategy Concept I: Five Ps For Strategy (STRATEGY AS PLAN (Some sort…
The Strategy Concept I: Five Ps For Strategy
STRATEGY AS PLAN
Some sort of consciously intended course of action.
They are made in advance of the ations to which the apply, and they are developed consciously and purposefully.
In the military: The plan of war shap the individual campaings and within these, deciding on the individual engagements.
In Game Theory: Strategy is a complete plan: a plan wich specifies what choices will make in every posibble situation.
In management: Strategy is a unified, comprehensive, and integrated plan... designed to ensure that the basic objectives of the enterprise are achieved.
In the dictionary: strategy is a plan, method, or series of maneuvers or stratagemes for obtaining a specific goal or result.
STRATEGY AS PATTERN
But if strategies can be intended surely they can also be realized.
The pint is that every time a journalist imputes a strategy to a corporation or to a government, and evry time a manager does the same thing to a competitor or even to the senior management of his own firm, they are implicitly defining strategy as pattern in action.
One person´s strategies are another´s tactics- that what is strategic depends on where you sit.
When you sit: what seems tactical today may prove strategic tomorrow.
STRATEGY AS POSITION
A position can be preselected ans aspired to trough a plan and/or it can be reached, perhaps even found, through a pattern of behavior.
Whileposition can always be defined with respect to a single competitor, it can also be considered in the context of a number of competitors or simply with respect to markets or an environment at large.
Strategy is the deployment of one´s resourcesin a manner which is most likely to defeat the enemy.
Strategy pursued to promote cooperation betweene organizations.
Such strategies can range ´´from informal arrangements and discussions to formal devices such as interlocking directorates, joint ventures, and mergers.´´
STRATEGY AS PERSPECTIVE
Strategy in this respect is to the organization what personality is to the individual.
Anthropologists refer to the culture of a society and sociologists to its ´´ideology´´
Strategy is a perspective shared by the members of an organization, through their intentions and/or by their actions.
INTERRELATING THE PS
Strategy as both position and perspective can be compatible with strategy as plan and/or pattem.
While someone consider perspective to be a plan, others describe it as a giving rise to plans.
THE NEED FOR ECLESCTICISM IN DEFINITION
Notall plans become patterns nor are all patterns that develop planned; someploys are less tah positions, while other strategies are more than positionsyet less than perspectives.